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An efficient method for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of fetal trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and trisomy 21.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "An efficient method for noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of fetal trisomy 13, trisomy 18, and trisomy 21."

Molecular size determination of circulating free fetal DNA in maternal plasma is an important detection method for noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT). The fetal DNA molecule is the primary factor determining the overall performance of NIPT and its clinical interpretation. The proportion of cell-free fetal DNA molecules is expressed as the fetal DNA fraction in the plasma of pregnant women.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: PloS one
ISSN: 1932-6203
Pages: e0215368

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A chromosome disorder associated with TRISOMY of all or part of CHROMOSOME 18. Clinical manifestations include INTRAUTERINE GROWTH RETARDATION; CLEFT PALATE; CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS; MICROCEPHALY; MICROGNATHIA and clenched fists with overlapping fingers. Most affected fetuses do not survive to birth. Those who survive through their first year often have severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY.

A chromosome disorder associated with TRISOMY of all or part of CHROMOSOME 13. Clinical manifestations include CONGENITAL HEART DEFECTS (e.g., PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOSUS), facial malformations (e.g., CLEFT LIP; CLEFT PALATE; COLOBOMA; MICROPHTHALMIA); HYPOTONIA, digit malformations (e.g., POLYDACTYLY or SYNDACTYLY), and SEIZURES and severe INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY associated with NERVOUS SYSTEM MALFORMATIONS.

The 46,XX gonadal dysgenesis may be sporadic or familial. Familial XX gonadal dysgenesis is transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait and its locus was mapped to chromosome 2. Mutation in the gene for the FSH receptor (RECEPTORS, FSH) was detected. Sporadic XX gonadal dysgenesis is heterogeneous and has been associated with trisomy-13 and trisomy-18. These phenotypic females are characterized by a normal stature, sexual infantilism, bilateral streak gonads, amenorrhea, elevated plasma LUTEINIZING HORMONE and FSH concentration. The syndrome is sometimes called "pure gonadal dysgenesis," but this designation may also refer to gonadal dysgenesis with a 46,XY karyotype (GONADAL DYSGENESIS, 46,XY).

The possession of a third chromosome of any one type in an otherwise diploid cell.

Prenatal interventions to correct fetal anomalies or treat FETAL DISEASES in utero. Fetal therapies include several major areas, such as open surgery; FETOSCOPY; pharmacological therapy; INTRAUTERINE TRANSFUSION; STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION; and GENE THERAPY.

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