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In quantum communication and photonic quantum information processing, the requirement of quantum repeaters and quantum memory often imposes a strict bandwidth prerequisite for the entangled photons. At the same time, there is ever more increasing demand for entangling more degrees of freedom, i.e., hyperentanglement, for a photon pair. In this Letter, we report the direct generation of narrow-band orbital angular momentum (OAM) and polarization hyperentangled photons from cold atoms. The narrow-band photon pair is naturally entangled in polarization and OAM, in addition to time-frequency, degrees of freedom due to spin and orbital angular momentum conservation conditions in the spontaneous four-wave mixing process in a cold atom ensemble. The narrow-band hyperentangled photon pair source reported here is expected to play important roles in quantum memory-based long-distance quantum communication.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physical review letters
We demonstrate numerically that photonic crystal slab waveguides can generate spectrally unentangled biphoton states, highly desired for heralding of single photons. We achieve this by modally phase m...
A hyperentangled state of light represents a valuable tool capable of reducing the experimental requirements and resource overheads, and it can improve the success rate of quantum information protocol...
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The impact of narrow band imaging (NBI) in the detection and resection of bladder tumour in transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder: A prospective, blinded, sequential intervention randomized controlled trial.
To determine the impact of Narrow Band Imaging (NBI) in detection and resection of tumors during transurethral resection of bladder cancer.
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A microscopic imaging technique that takes advantage of the process of harmonic generation that occurs when photons interact to generate new photons of a different wavelength. In second harmonic generation, two photons of the same wavelength and frequency, such as from a LASER, interact inside a medium and are converted to a photon of twice the frequency and half of the wavelength of the two incident photons. The light signals captured are used to produce images that are dependent on the unique optical properties of the material.
Imaging techniques that use illumination created with several optical interference filters by which the frequency ranges are spectrally narrowed and light scatter is greatly reduced. Thus the reflected photons reconstituting the images are from distinct depths (the surface and deeper layers) of the object being imaged.
Small band of specialized CARDIAC MUSCLE fibers that originates in the ATRIOVENTRICULAR NODE and extends into the membranous part of the interventricular septum. The bundle of His, consisting of the left and the right bundle branches, conducts the electrical impulses to the HEART VENTRICLES in generation of MYOCARDIAL CONTRACTION.
Discrete concentrations of energy, apparently massless elementary particles, that move at the speed of light. They are the unit or quantum of electromagnetic radiation. Photons are emitted when electrons move from one energy state to another. (From Hawley's Condensed Chemical Dictionary, 11th ed)
A method of computed tomography that uses radionuclides which emit a single photon of a given energy. The camera is rotated 180 or 360 degrees around the patient to capture images at multiple positions along the arc. The computer is then used to reconstruct the transaxial, sagittal, and coronal images from the 3-dimensional distribution of radionuclides in the organ. The advantages of SPECT are that it can be used to observe biochemical and physiological processes as well as size and volume of the organ. The disadvantage is that, unlike positron-emission tomography where the positron-electron annihilation results in the emission of 2 photons at 180 degrees from each other, SPECT requires physical collimation to line up the photons, which results in the loss of many available photons and hence degrades the image.