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Continuous Loading of Ultracold Ground-State ^{85}Rb_{2} Molecules in a Dipole Trap Using a Single Light Beam.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Continuous Loading of Ultracold Ground-State ^{85}Rb_{2} Molecules in a Dipole Trap Using a Single Light Beam."

We have developed an approach to continuously load ultracold ^{85}Rb_{2} vibrational ground-state molecules into a crossed optical dipole trap from a magneto-optical trap. The technique relies on a single high-power light beam with a broad spectrum superimposed onto a narrow peak at an energy of about 9400  cm^{-1}. This single laser source performs all the required steps: the short-range photoassociation creating ground-state molecules after radiative emission, the cooling of the molecular vibrational population down to the lowest vibrational level v_{X}=0, and the optical trapping of these molecules. Furthermore, we probe by depletion spectroscopy and determine that 75% of the v_{X}=0 ground-state molecules are in the three lowest rotational levels J_{X}=0, 1, 2. The lifetime of the ultracold molecules in the optical dipole trap is limited to about 70 ms by off-resonant light scattering. The proposed technique opens perspectives for the formation of new molecular species in the ultracold domain, which are not yet accessible by well-established approaches.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 123401

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