Valley Vortex States and Degeneracy Lifting via Photonic Higher-Band Excitation.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Valley Vortex States and Degeneracy Lifting via Photonic Higher-Band Excitation."

We demonstrate valley-dependent vortex generation in photonic graphene. Without breaking inversion symmetry, the excitation of two valleys leads to the formation of an optical vortex upon Bragg reflection to the third equivalent valley, with its chirality determined by the valley degree of freedom. Vortex-antivortex pairs with valley-dependent topological charge flipping are also observed and corroborated by numerical simulations. Furthermore, we develop a three-band effective Hamiltonian model to describe the dynamics of the coupled valleys and find that the commonly used two-band model is not sufficient to explain the observed vortex degeneracy lifting. Such valley-polarized vortex states arise from high-band excitation without a synthetic-field-induced gap opening. Our results from a photonic setting may provide insight for the study of valley contrasting and Berry-phase-mediated topological phenomena in other systems.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physical review letters
ISSN: 1079-7114
Pages: 123903


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