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Electrospun nanofiber membranes incorporating PDMS-aerogel superhydrophobic coating with enhanced flux and improved anti-wettability in membrane distillation.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Electrospun nanofiber membranes incorporating PDMS-aerogel superhydrophobic coating with enhanced flux and improved anti-wettability in membrane distillation."

Electrospun nanofiber membranes (ENMs) have garnered increasing interest due to their controllable nanofiber structure and high void volume fraction properties in membrane distillation (MD). However, MD technology still faces limitations mainly due to low permeate flux and membrane wetting for feeds containing low surface tension compounds. Perfluorinated superhydrophobic membranes could be an alternative, but it has negative environmental impacts. Therefore, other low surface energy materials such as silica aerogel and polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) have great relevancy in ENMs fabrication. Herein, we have reported the high flux and non-wettability of ENMs fabricated by electrospraying aerogel/polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS)/polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) over electrospinning polyvinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene (PVDF-HFP) membrane (E-PH). Among various concentration of aerogel, the 30% aerogel (E-M3-A30) dual layer membrane achieved highest superhydrophobicity (~ 170˚ water contact angle), liquid entry pressure (LEP) of 129.5 ± 3.4 kPa, short water droplet bouncing performance (11.6 ms), low surface energy (4.18 ± 0.27 mN m-1) and high surface roughness (Ra: 5.04 µm) with re-entrant structure. It also demonstrated non-wetting MD performance over a continuous 7 days operation of saline water (3.5% of NaCl), high anti-wetting with harsh saline water containing 0.5 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS, 28.9 mN m-1), synthetic algal organic matter (AOM).

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Name: Environmental science & technology
ISSN: 1520-5851
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