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Infection after spinal surgery and procedures.

08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Infection after spinal surgery and procedures."

Postoperative infections after spinal surgery are a challenging issue, difficult to diagnose and treat, that requires prolonged medical therapy and even surgery. In this paper, we aim to review the current standards in the diagnosis and treatment of post-procedural Spondylodiscitis (SD). We performed a review of the available literature focusing on diagnostic and therapeutic standards of post-procedural SD, both after minimally invasive procedures and open surgery. Spinal infections can occur in less invasive procedures with an incidence ranging from 0.26% to 2.75%. Post-surgical spinal infections range from 2.1% to 8.5% for instrumented surgery, whereas these are less than 1% in open surgery without instrumentation. MRI is currently the most sensitive and specific technique to diagnose postoperative SD. CT guided aspiration culture should be performed in all patients with deep-seated infections with negative blood cultures. Early infections start with wound healing problems within a few weeks from surgery, and the occurrence of fever and an increase in serum markers of inflammation. Late infections often cause chronic pain, implant failure, non-union or wound dehiscence even a long time after surgery. The onset of the infection differentiates the specific treatment. Indeed, in the early postoperative period spinal fusion is not appropriate yet, and the stability of the fusion site only relies on the instrumentation. Therefore, even when suitable, implant removal may lead to undesirable consequences. In chronic infections, on the other hand, implant removal is unlikely to determine instability since the fusion has already been accomplished.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
ISSN: 2284-0729
Pages: 173-178

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.

Surgery which could be postponed or not done at all without danger to the patient. Elective surgery includes procedures to correct non-life-threatening medical problems as well as to alleviate conditions causing psychological stress or other potential risk to patients, e.g., cosmetic or contraceptive surgery.

Procedures that avoid use of open invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-control manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device. With the reduced trauma associated with minimally invasive surgery, long hospital stays may be reduced with increased rates of short stay or day surgery.

Procedures that avoid use of open, invasive surgery in favor of closed or local surgery. These generally involve use of laparoscopic devices and remote-controlled manipulation of instruments with indirect observation of the surgical field through an endoscope or similar device.

Surgical procedures conducted with the aid of computers. This is most frequently used in orthopedic and laparoscopic surgery for implant placement and instrument guidance. Image-guided surgery interactively combines prior CT scans or MRI images with real-time video.

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