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The use of custom-made antibiotic-loaded spacer in periprosthetic knee infection caused by XDR organism: case report and review of literature.

08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The use of custom-made antibiotic-loaded spacer in periprosthetic knee infection caused by XDR organism: case report and review of literature."

Periprosthetic knee infection (PKI) remains one of the most challenging complications after total knee replacement, especially if caused by multidrug-resistant (MDR) or extensively drug-resistant (XDR) organisms. Multiple treatment options are available, such as long-term antibiotic suppression, surgical debridement with retention of the prosthesis, definitive resection arthroplasty, arthrodesis, one-stage or two-stage revision procedures, amputation. We present a rare case of a PKI caused by a XDR Klebsiella pneumoniae in a young patient who underwent a prosthetic reconstruction due to an osteosarcoma of the tibia. In this patient, the PKI has been treated using intravenous administration of Amikacin and an Amikacin-impregnated PMMA custom-made spacer. To our knowledge, only two cases that successfully used hand-mixed antibiotic-loaded spacer based on antibiotic sensitivity for the treatment of PKI caused by MDR and XDR microorganisms have been reported in the literature.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European review for medical and pharmacological sciences
ISSN: 2284-0729
Pages: 19-25

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A ready-made or custom-made prosthesis of glass or plastic shaped and colored to resemble the anterior portion of a normal eye and used for cosmetic reasons. It is attached to the anterior portion of an orbital implant (ORBITAL IMPLANTS) which is placed in the socket of an enucleated or eviscerated eye. (From Dorland, 28th ed)

Use of a device (film badge) for measuring exposure of individuals to radiation. It is usually made of metal, plastic, or paper and loaded with one or more pieces of x-ray film.

An instrument used to assess the results of rehabilitation from knee injuries, especially those requiring ANTERIOR CRUCIATE LIGAMENT RECONSTRUCTION. It measures recovery of knee joint function based on ACTIVITIES OF DAILY LIVING.

Injuries to the knee or the knee joint.

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