Advertisement

Topics

Atractylenolide III ameliorates cerebral ischemic injury and neuroinflammation associated with inhibiting JAK2/STAT3/Drp1-dependent mitochondrial fission in microglia.

08:00 EDT 6th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Atractylenolide III ameliorates cerebral ischemic injury and neuroinflammation associated with inhibiting JAK2/STAT3/Drp1-dependent mitochondrial fission in microglia."

Inflammation is a major contributor to stroke pathology, making it a promising strategy for intervention. Microglia, the resident macrophages in the brain, play essential roles in both the generation and resolution of neuroinflammation. In particular, mitochondrial homeostasis is critical for microglial function and its dysregulation is involved in the pathogenesis of ischemic stroke. Atractylenolide III (A III), a sesquiterpene lactone found in Atractylodes macrocephala Koidz, has been shown to have an inhibitory effect on inflammation. However, its effect specifically on neuroinflammation and microglial mitochondrial homeostasis following stroke remains elusive.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Phytomedicine : international journal of phytotherapy and phytopharmacology
ISSN: 1618-095X
Pages: 152922

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [7868 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Post-stroke gastrodin treatment ameliorates ischemic injury and increases neurogenesis and restores the Wnt/β-Catenin signaling in focal cerebral ischemia in mice.

Cerebral ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability worldwide, and the only available drug treatment is limited to a short window following the ischemic event. Gastrodin is t...

TOM7 silencing Exacerbates Focal Cerebral Ischemia Injury in Rat by Targeting PINK1/Beclin1-Mediated Autophagy.

Activated autophagy has been intensively observed in cerebrovascular diseases, including focal cerebral ischemia injury, but its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. TOM7, which is a component of the ...

Glycine Exhibits Neuroprotective Effects in Ischemic Stroke in Rats through the Inhibition of M1 Microglial Polarization via the NF-κB p65/Hif-1α Signaling Pathway.

Glycine is a simple nonessential amino acid known to have neuroprotective properties. Treatment with glycine results in reduced infarct volume of the brain, neurologic function scores, and neuronal an...

The Neuroprotective Roles of Sonic Hedgehog Signaling Pathway in Ischemic Stroke.

Ischemic stroke is characterized by high morbidity, mortality and disability rate worldwide. Because of its complexity in pathogenesis and lack of effective therapeutic strategies and drugs, great bre...

NDRG4 protects against cerebral ischemia injury by inhibiting p53-mediated apoptosis.

Cerebral ischemia is one of the leading causes of death and long-term disability worldwide. N-myc downstream-regulated gene 4 (NDRG4) is predominantly expressed in the brain as well as in the heart an...

Clinical Trials [5679 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cerebral Neuroinflammation During Major Depressive Episode: Multicentric Comparative Study.

the investigators make the following assumptions: 1) neuroinflammation in MDD can be measured by the [18 F ] DPA- 714 ; 2) it is accompanied by anatomical and functional changes in the fro...

Molecular Neuroimaging of Neuroinflammation in Neurodegenerative Dementias

Neuroinflammation is increasingly implicated as a potential critical pathogenic mechanism in a variety of neurologic and psychiatric disorders. This study will use hybrid PET/MRI imaging t...

Remote Ischemic Conditioning Paired With Endovascular Treatment for Acute Ischemic Stroke

Ischemic stroke, which is due to the occlusion of a cerebral blood vessel, comprises nearly 90% of all strokes. Currently, reperfusion of the salvageable tissue via thrombolytic drug or en...

Clinical Proteomic Research for the Brain

The purpose of this research is to study the proteomic profile of individuals with ischemic brain injury. By comparing acute ischemic injury to other neurological diseases or systemic vas...

Investigation of Cannabidiol for Reduction of NeuroInflammation in Chronic Back Pain

In this research, the study team will use brain imaging to evaluate the presence of neuroinflammation in the brains and spinal cords of patients with low back pain, and whether CBD effects...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Softening or loss of brain tissue following CEREBRAL INFARCTION; cerebral ischemia (see BRAIN ISCHEMIA), infection, CRANIOCEREBRAL TRAUMA, or other injury. The term is often used during gross pathologic inspection to describe blurred cortical margins and decreased consistency of brain tissue following infarction. Multicystic encephalomalacia refers to the formation of multiple cystic cavities of various sizes in the cerebral cortex of neonates and infants following injury, most notably perinatal hypoxia-ischemic events. (From Davis et al., Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p665; J Neuropathol Exp Neurol, 1995 Mar;54(2):268-75)

The application of repeated, brief periods of vascular occlusion at the onset of REPERFUSION to reduce REPERFUSION INJURY that follows a prolonged ischemic event. The techniques are similar to ISCHEMIC PRECONDITIONING but the time of application is after the ischemic event instead of before.

Ischemic injury to the OPTIC NERVE which usually affects the OPTIC DISK (optic neuropathy, anterior ischemic) and less frequently the retrobulbar portion of the nerve (optic neuropathy, posterior ischemic). The injury results from occlusion of arterial blood supply which may result from TEMPORAL ARTERITIS; ATHEROSCLEROSIS; COLLAGEN DISEASES; EMBOLISM; DIABETES MELLITUS; and other conditions. The disease primarily occurs in the sixth decade or later and presents with the sudden onset of painless and usually severe monocular visual loss. Anterior ischemic optic neuropathy also features optic disk edema with microhemorrhages. The optic disk appears normal in posterior ischemic optic neuropathy. (Glaser, Neuro-Ophthalmology, 2nd ed, p135)

Restoration of blood supply to tissue which is ischemic due to decrease in normal blood supply. The decrease may result from any source including atherosclerotic obstruction, narrowing of the artery, or surgical clamping. It is primarily a procedure for treating infarction or other ischemia, by enabling viable ischemic tissue to recover, thus limiting further necrosis. However, it is thought that reperfusion can itself further damage the ischemic tissue, causing REPERFUSION INJURY.

A familial, cerebral arteriopathy mapped to chromosome 19q12, and characterized by the presence of granular deposits in small CEREBRAL ARTERIES producing ischemic STROKE; PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; and multiple subcortical infarcts (CEREBRAL INFARCTION). CADASIL is an acronym for Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. CADASIL differs from BINSWANGER DISEASE by the presence of MIGRAINE WITH AURA and usually by the lack of history of arterial HYPERTENSION. (From Bradley et al, Neurology in Clinical Practice, 2000, p1146)

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Stroke - Cerebrovascular Disease (CVA)
A stroke is a serious medical condition that occurs when the blood supply to part of the brain is cut off. Strokes are a medical emergency and prompt treatment is essential because the sooner a person receives treatment for a stroke, the less damage is ...

Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...


Searches Linking to this Article