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Studies have suggested the involvement of oxidative stress in the physiopathology of bipolar disorder. Preclinical data have shown that PKC inhibitors may act as mood-stabilizing agents and protect the brain in animal models of mania. The present study aimed to evaluate the effects of Lithium (Li) or tamoxifen (TMX) on behavioral changes and oxidative stress parameters in an animal model of mania induced by ouabain (OUA). Wistar rats received a single intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of OUA or artificial cerebrospinal fluid (ACSF). From the day following ICV injection, the rats were treated for seven days with intraperitoneal injections of saline, Li or TMX twice a day. On the 7th day after OUA injection, locomotor activity was measured using the open-field test, and the oxidative stress parameters were evaluated in the hippocampus and frontal cortex of rats. The results showed that OUA induced hyperactivity in rats, which is considered a manic-like behavior. Also, OUA increased lipid peroxidation and oxidative damage to proteins, as well as causing alterations to antioxidant enzymes in the frontal cortex and hippocampus of rats. The Li or TMX treatment reversed the manic-like behavior induced by OUA. Besides, Li, but not TMX, reversed the oxidative damage caused by OUA. These results suggest that the manic-like effects induced by OUA and the antimanic effects of TMX seem not to be related to the oxidative stress.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of psychiatric research
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An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
A disturbance in the prooxidant-antioxidant balance in favor of the former, leading to potential damage. Indicators of oxidative stress include damaged DNA bases, protein oxidation products, and lipid peroxidation products (Sies, Oxidative Stress, 1991, pxv-xvi).
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