Advertisement

Topics

Repetition of a cognitive task promotes motor learning.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Repetition of a cognitive task promotes motor learning."

Motor learning plays an important role in the acquisition of new motor skills. In this study, we investigated whether repetition of a cognitive task promoted motor learning. Fifty-one young adults were assigned to either the early, late, or control groups. All participants completed a mouse tracking task in which they manipulated a mouse to track a moving target on a screen. The cursor was rotated 165° in the counterclockwise direction from the actual mouse position, requiring participants to learn how to use a new tool. To determine the task performance, we calculated the distance between the cursor and target position. In addition, to assess the effects of a cognitive task on the progress of motor learning, curve fitting of the learning curves was performed for the total distance. Experiments were conducted as per the following schedule: learning day 1 (L1), learning day 2 (L2: the day after learning day 1), retention day 1 (R1: 2 weeks after learning day 1), and retention day 2 (R2: 4 weeks after learning day 1). Participants underwent mouse tracking for 20 min on L1 and L2 and for 3 min on R1 and R2. As a cognitive task, we adopted the N-back task. The early or late group performed the N-back task for 20 min before performing motor tracking task on L1 or L2, respectively. The control group did not perform the N-back task. Based on curve fitting analysis, it was observed that the rate of change for motor learning in the early group was higher than that in the control group. The retention of motor learning did not differ between all groups. Our results indicate that the repetition of a cognitive task enhanced in the early phase of motor learning of the mouse tracking task.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Human movement science
ISSN: 1872-7646
Pages: 109-116

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [12958 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

A rapid visuomotor response on the human upper limb is selectively influenced by implicit motor learning.

How do humans learn to adapt their motor actions to achieve task success? Recent behavioral and patient studies have challenged the classic notion that motor learning arises solely from the errors pro...

Self-Controlled Feedback and Learner Impulsivity in Sequential Motor Learning.

Many studies have attributed self-controlled feedback benefits associated with motor learning to learners' greater information processing during practice. However, individual learner characteristics l...

Skill acquisition as a function of age, hand and task difficulty: Interactions between cognition and action.

Some activities can be meaningfully dichotomised as 'cognitive' or 'sensorimotor' in nature-but many cannot. This has radical implications for understanding activity limitation in disability. For exam...

Sleep Preferentially Enhances Memory For A Cognitive Strategy But Not The Implicit Motor Skills Used To Acquire It.

Sleep is known to be beneficial to the strengthening of two distinct forms of procedural memory: memory for novel, cognitively simple series of motor movements, and memory for novel, cognitively compl...

The Sociolinguistic Repetition Task: A New Paradigm for Exploring the Cognitive Coherence of Language Varieties.

Sociolinguistic studies generally focus on specific sociolinguistic variables. Consequently, they rarely examine whether different sociolinguistic variables have coherent orientation in a specific lan...

Clinical Trials [7263 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Motor Learning Through Virtual Reality Task in Individuals With Down Syndrome

Background: Down syndrome (DS) has unique physical, motor and cognitive characteristics. Despite cognitive and motor difficulties, there is a possibility of intervention based on the knowl...

The Role of an Attention Demanding Activity for Priming Motor Learning

The purpose of this study is to determine if priming attention prior to practicing a motor task will have an effect on the ability to acquire and learn that motor task. The investigators h...

Facilitating Motor Skill Learning in Parkinson's Disease

The study is designed to assess the effects of aerobic exercise on motor learning in Parkinson patients. Specifically, the investigators examine whether a single bout of moderate intensity...

Rhythm and Multisensoriality's Effects on the Motor Development in Children With Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) affects the motor function but also the cognitive function of the child. Physical activity brings motor and cognitive benefits and appears as an important aspect of the...

Does Overpractice Improve Motor Learning?

This study contains two pilot studies: 1) one study will investigate practice dosage of a postural stepping task in healthy young individuals in order to determine an operational definitio...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Process in which individuals take the initiative, in diagnosing their learning needs, formulating learning goals, identifying resources for learning, choosing and implementing learning strategies and evaluating learning outcomes (Knowles, 1975)

Field of study concerning MENTAL PROCESSES, LEARNING, and the brain regions associated with them.

Phenomenon that occurs when learning and memory abilities decrease naturally due to age.

The observation and analysis of movements in a task with an emphasis on the amount of time required to perform the task.

Behavioral treatment that uses drill and practice, compensatory and adaptive strategies to facilitate improvement in targeted learning areas.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Mergers & Acquisitions
Commercial and market reports on mergers and acquisitions in the biotechnology, pharmaceutical, medical device and life-science industries. Mergers and acquisitions (abbreviated M&A;) is an aspect of corporate strategy, corporate finance and manageme...


Searches Linking to this Article