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A dual-response biosensor for electrochemical and glucometer detection of DNA methyltransferase activity based on functionalized metal-organic framework amplification.

08:00 EDT 29th March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A dual-response biosensor for electrochemical and glucometer detection of DNA methyltransferase activity based on functionalized metal-organic framework amplification."

DNA methylation is catalyzed by DNA methyltransferase (MTase) and concerned with many biological processes including pathogenesis of various human diseases. The monitoring of MTase activity is thus of great significance in disease diagnosis and drug screening. Herein, we developed a facile way to synthesize biocompatible invertase enzyme modified metal-organic framework (Invertase/MOF) materials, and explored its application in constructing a dual-response Dam MTase sensor for the first time. By using them as signal probes, in which high density of metal sites could be electrochemically detected and invertase could hydrolyze sucrose into glucose for generation of glucometer signal output, dual-response for accurate detection of Dam MTase was realized. In the presence of Dam MTase, the methylation of hairpin probe 1 (HP1) occurred and thus caused the cleavage of HP1 assisted by a restriction endonuclease (DpnI) to produce the binding sequences. The binding sequences then hybridized with the electrode-assembled HP2 to expose their sticky termini which sequentially hybridized with the Invertase/MOFs-tethered capture probes. Finally, the electrodes were incubated with a sucrose solution, followed by the separate electrochemical and glucometer detection. The present assay brought good performance which could detect Dam MTase activity as low as 0.001 U mL with wide linear range and good selectivity against other cytosine MTase (M.SssI MTase). Moreover, it also owns ability to be potentially applied for the inhibitors screening by utilization of 5-fluorouracil as an inhibitor model. The results imply that our proposed method provides a convenient platform for early cancer diagnosis and therapeutic applications.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biosensors & bioelectronics
ISSN: 1873-4235
Pages: 117-122

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