Acute truncal ataxia in a healthy adult with varicella zoster virus cerebellitis: A case report and literature review.

08:00 EDT 2nd April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Acute truncal ataxia in a healthy adult with varicella zoster virus cerebellitis: A case report and literature review."

Acute cerebellitis is a well recognized complication of varicella zoster virus (VZV) infection in children. It has been described in adults in the setting of virus reactivation with a preceding herpes zoster rash, but it is exceedingly rare in adults who are not elderly or immunocompromised, particularly in the absence of a rash. To our knowledge, there has been only one reported case of acute cerebellitis in an immunocompetent adult less than age 65 with virological confirmation of acute VZV infection. We describe a 59-year-old immunocompetent man who presented with acute truncal ataxia without rash and was diagnosed with VZV cerebellitis, supported by anti-VZV IgM and anti-VZV IgG antibodies in the serum and a positive VZV polymerase chain reaction in cerebrospinal fluid. He had robust improvement with intravenous acyclovir treatment and was free of neurologic disability at two month follow-up. This case highlights the importance of virological evaluation in patients with acute ataxia, even in the absence of typical features of infection.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of the neurological sciences
ISSN: 1878-5883
Pages: 186-187


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Inflammation of brain tissue caused by infection with the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). This condition is associated with immunocompromised states, including the ACQUIRED IMMUNODEFICIENCY SYNDROME. Pathologically, the virus tends to induce a vasculopathy and infect oligodendrocytes and ependymal cells, leading to CEREBRAL INFARCTION, multifocal regions of demyelination, and periventricular necrosis. Manifestations of varicella encephalitis usually occur 5-7 days after onset of HERPES ZOSTER and include HEADACHE; VOMITING; lethargy; focal neurologic deficits; FEVER; and COMA. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1996, Ch 26, pp29-32; Hum Pathol 1996 Sep;27(9):927-38)

An acute infectious, usually self-limited, disease believed to represent activation of latent varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN) in those who have been rendered partially immune after a previous attack of CHICKENPOX. It involves the SENSORY GANGLIA and their areas of innervation and is characterized by severe neuralgic pain along the distribution of the affected nerve and crops of clustered vesicles over the area. (From Dorland, 27th ed)

Pain in nerves, frequently involving facial SKIN, resulting from the activation the latent varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). The two forms of the condition preceding the pain are HERPES ZOSTER OTICUS; and HERPES ZOSTER OPHTHALMICUS. Following the healing of the rashes and blisters, the pain sometimes persists.


The type species of VARICELLOVIRUS causing CHICKENPOX (varicella) and HERPES ZOSTER (shingles) in humans.

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