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Overexpression of macrophage stimulating 1 enhances the anti-tumor effects of IL-24 in esophageal cancer via inhibiting ERK-Mfn2 signaling-dependent mitophagy.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Overexpression of macrophage stimulating 1 enhances the anti-tumor effects of IL-24 in esophageal cancer via inhibiting ERK-Mfn2 signaling-dependent mitophagy."

Although cytokine-based therapy is a promising tool to control the progression of esophageal cancer, low therapeutic responses largely compromise treatment efficacy through unidentified mechanisms. The goal of our study was to explore the roles of macrophage stimulating 1 (Mst1) and mitophagy in enhancing IL-24-based cytokine therapy in esophageal cancer. Our data demonstrated that IL-24 application promoted cancer death by inducing mitochondrial stress, as manifested by mitochondrial ROS overproduction, mitochondrial potential dissipation, cellular ATP deprivation and mitochondrial death activation. Overexpression of Mst1 enhanced IL-24-mediated mitochondrial damage and further augmented IL-24-induced death in esophageal cancer. Molecular investigations illustrated that the IL-24-activated mitochondrial response is accompanied by activation of mitophagy, a protective mechanism to attenuate mitochondrial damage. However, Mst1 overexpression inhibited mitophagy activity, which was achieved by inactivating the ERK-Mfn2 signaling pathway. The re-activation of mitophagy abolished the cancer-killing effects of Mst1 overexpression on esophageal cancer. Altogether, our data demonstrate that IL-24-related therapeutic resistance is associated with mitophagy activation. Mst1 overexpression inhibits mitophagy activity via suppressing the ERK-Mfn2 pathway, ultimately augmenting IL-24-inducd esophageal cancer death via enhanced mitochondrial stress.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie
ISSN: 1950-6007
Pages: 108844

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A mononuclear phagocyte colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) synthesized by mesenchymal cells. The compound stimulates the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of hematopoietic cells of the monocyte-macrophage series. M-CSF is a disulfide-bonded glycoprotein dimer with a MW of 70 kDa. It binds to a specific high affinity receptor (RECEPTOR, MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR).

Glycoproteins found in a subfraction of normal mammalian plasma and urine. They stimulate the proliferation of bone marrow cells in agar cultures and the formation of colonies of granulocytes and/or macrophages. The factors include INTERLEUKIN-3; (IL-3); GRANULOCYTE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (G-CSF); MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (M-CSF); and GRANULOCYTE-MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR; (GM-CSF).

A receptor for MACROPHAGE COLONY-STIMULATING FACTOR encoded by the c-fms proto-oncogene (GENES, FMS). It contains an intrinsic protein-tyrosine kinase activity. When activated the receptor undergoes autophosphorylation, phosphorylation of down-stream signaling molecules and rapid down-regulation.

Receptors that bind and internalize the granulocyte-macrophage stimulating factor. Their MW is believed to be 84 kD. The most mature myelomonocytic cells, specifically human neutrophils, macrophages, and eosinophils, express the highest number of affinity receptors for this growth factor.

Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factors prepared by recombinant DNA technology.

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