A quasi-experimental evaluation of partnerships for success's impact on community-level ethanol and prescription drug poisoning rates.

08:00 EDT 6th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A quasi-experimental evaluation of partnerships for success's impact on community-level ethanol and prescription drug poisoning rates."

The emerging dual threats of underaged drinking (UAD) and prescription drug misuse (PDM) require sustained prevention efforts across multiple levels of interventions. In response to the continuing proliferation of UAD and PDM among youth and young adults, the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) developed the Partnerships for Success (PFS) program. Across five cohorts funded from 2012 to 2016, PFS created linkages between health care providers, treatment and prevention services providers, government agencies, and nonprofit organizations for the delivery of multiple sets of services (e.g., prevention education, community activities, screening) targeted toward UAD and PDM. This paper reports on the impact of the PFS program on reductions in ethanol and prescription drug poisoning exposures as reported from data in the National Poisoning Data System (NPDS). Across 35 States, communities targeted by PFS interventions were compared to non-targeted communities using a non-equivalent comparison groups design and propensity score weighting. Using propensity-weighted, multilevel latent growth modeling, steeper reductions in ethanol and prescription drug poisoning exposure call rates were observed in States which had a higher proportion of communities participating in PFS. Grantee-level longitudinal analogs to Cohen's d effect sizes ranged from -0.24 to -0.97, whereas PFS' effects on individual communities (net of Statewide effects) were negligible. The study serves as a unique exemplar of using the NPDS to extract community-level intervention effects that might otherwise be "hidden" within epidemiological data while underscoring the cumulative effects of PFS' community-level efforts in stemming the tide on underaged drinking and prescription drug misuse.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Addictive behaviors
ISSN: 1873-6327
Pages: 220-225


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [26452 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

The use of quasi-experimental designs for vaccine evaluation.

Randomised control trials are not always possible to evaluate interventions targeting infectious disease. This is frequently the case when evaluating the population level impact of vaccines or when ev...

Community-based behavioral health interventions: Developing strong community partnerships.

The popularity of community-based interventions has experienced a revival over the last two decades. The general theme behind this trend is that greater community involvement provides researchers and ...

A review of the non-equivalent control group post-test-only design.

Quantitative research designs are broadly classified as either experimental or quasi-experimental. The main distinguishing feature of the quasi-experiment is the manipulation of the independent variab...

Standardizing the evaluation of community-based conservation success.

Community-based conservation, which strives to simultaneously improve nature conservation and alleviate poverty, must provide biological and socioeconomic benefits that are linked through effective re...

Health in all policies in the Valencian Community: steps towards the health impact assessment.

This paper describes the beginning of the implementation process of the health impact assessment in the Valencian Community (Spain), as an instrument to incorporate the framework of social determinant...

Clinical Trials [10803 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Community Gardens Participation in Promoting Sustainable Lifestyles in Urban Settings: the JArDinS Study

The JArDinS study is a quasi-experimental research that aimed at assessing the impact of community garden participation (a natural experiment) in the adoption of more sustainable lifestyle...

A Community-based Depression Screening Intervention for Middle-aged Suicide

The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a community-based depression-screening program for suicide prevention among middle-aged adults, the investigators conducted a q...

Community Based Intervention to Prevent Domestic Violence Against Women in Ethiopia; a Protocol for Quasi-Experimental Implementation Research

Violence against women is a well understood devastating global pandemic, and human right violation. One in three women experienced intimate partner violence worldwide. In Ethiopia, the lev...

Evaluation of the Impact of a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax in Chile

The purpose of this study is to evaluate formally the short term impacts of the tax policy applied to Sugar-Sweetened Beverages (SSBs) in Chile. The Impuesto Adicional a las Bebidas Analco...

Evaluation of a Need to Know (N2K): A New Sex Education Program for High School Students

This trial evaluated the impact of N2K, a three-year quasi-experimental study to delay sexual initiation and increase condom and contraception use among high school students. The program w...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Success in bringing an effort to the desired end; the degree or level of success attained in some specified area (esp. scholastic) or in general.

Studies designed to assess the efficacy of programs. They may include the evaluation of cost-effectiveness, the extent to which objectives are met, or impact.

Works about a study where participants are assigned to a treatment, procedure, or intervention by methods that are not random. Non-randomized clinical trials are sometimes referred to as quasi-experimental clinical trials or non-equivalent control group designs.

Level of engagement in educationally purposeful activities, satisfaction, acquisition of desired knowledge, skills, and competencies, persistence and attainment of educational outcomes.

Organizations and individuals cooperating together toward a common goal at the local or grassroots level.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Alliances, mergers acquisitions and partnerships
BioPortfolio's alliances, mergers acquisitions and partnerships channel provides the latest news and corporate information on the global bio-pharmaceutical industry.

Prescription Drugs
A prescription drug (also prescription medication or prescription medicine) is a licensed medicine that is regulated by legislation to require a medical prescription before it can be obtained. The term is used to distinguish it from over-the-counter drug...

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Searches Linking to this Article