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Guidelines advise measurement of bone mineral density (BMD) in patients with a diagnosis of celiac disease. The lumbar spine (LS) and hip sites are usually measured. Although skeletal sites rich in trabecular bone are believed to be vulnerable to osteoporosis in patients with celiac disease, most studies have not measured the cortical distal 1/3-radius.
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Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is a cornerstone of pediatric bone health assessment, yet differences in height-for-age confound the interpretation of areal bone mineral density (aBMD) measures...
Quantifying bone mineral density (BMD) on CT using commercial software demonstrates good-to-excellent correlations with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) results. However, previous techniques to...
To assess relationships between plasma sodium concentration ([Na]) and bone mineral content (BMC) after an acute sodium load plus treadmill walking and quantify the amount of sodium the dual energy x-...
Accidental falls and fall-related injuries are common among people with multiple sclerosis (MS). Fractures are the most common injury, pointing to the need to understand current practices related to b...
Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is rapidly becoming more accessible and popular as a technique to monitor body composition. The reliability of DXA has been examined extensively using a number o...
Turner Syndrome (TS) is associated with osteopenia and osteoporosis. Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) and increased risk of fractures are present in many younger and middle-aged women wi...
We, the investigators at the University of Wisconsin, hypothesized that ingesting calcium tablets prior to a spine bone density scan will not affect the bone mineral density as measured by...
This study compared the bone health of KS patients who were actively monitored in our clinic by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) with that of a control group of healthy volunteers.
This study hypothesize that radius subjecting to mechanical loading may affect excitability of alpha motor neuron innervating muscle, based on its bone mineral density or bone mineral cont...
This research study is evaluating bone mineral density in childhood cancer survivors who have a history of bone fracture.
The amount of mineral per square centimeter of BONE. This is the definition used in clinical practice. Actual bone density would be expressed in grams per milliliter. It is most frequently measured by X-RAY ABSORPTIOMETRY or TOMOGRAPHY, X RAY COMPUTED. Bone density is an important predictor for OSTEOPOROSIS.
Agents that inhibit BONE RESORPTION and/or favor BONE MINERALIZATION and BONE REGENERATION. They are used to heal BONE FRACTURES and to treat METABOLIC BONE DISEASES.
A method of producing a high-quality scan by digitizing and subtracting the images produced by high- and low-energy x-rays.
The study of the energy of electrons ejected from matter by the photoelectric effect, i.e., as a direct result of absorption of energy from electromagnetic radiation. As the energies of the electrons are characteristic of a specific element, the measurement of the energy of these electrons is a technique used to determine the chemical composition of surfaces.
The measurement around the body at the level of the ABDOMEN and just above the hip bone. The measurement is usually taken immediately after exhalation.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
Arthritis Fibromyalgia Gout Lupus Rheumatic Rheumatology is the medical specialty concerned with the diagnosis and management of disease involving joints, tendons, muscles, ligaments and associated structures (Oxford Medical Diction...