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Molecular analysis of ampR and ampD to understand variability in inducible expression of "BlaB-like" cephalosporinase in Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Molecular analysis of ampR and ampD to understand variability in inducible expression of "BlaB-like" cephalosporinase in Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A."

Yersinia enterocolitica strains produce two chromosomal β‑lactamases, BlaA - a constitutively produced penicillinase, and BlaB - an inducible "AmpC-type" cephalosporinase. As in other members of Enterobacteriaceae, expression of ampC in Y. enterocolitica is regulated by the genes - ampR and ampD. The ampR encodes a transcriptional regulator which represses the expression of ampC and, ampD encodes a cytoplasmic N‑acetyl‑anhydromuramyl‑l‑alanine amidase which participates in recycling of peptidoglycan. Exposure of bacteria to antibiotics like imipenem and cefoxitin results in generation and accumulation of large quantities of muropeptides in cytoplasm which is beyond the recycling capability of AmpD. These muropeptides bind to AmpR, converting it into an activator of ampC expression (ampC de-repression). Earlier studies from our laboratory indicated that instead of BlaB, Y. enterocolitica biotype 1A strains produced a "BlaB-like" enzyme which was non-heterogeneous and showed a differential expression when induced with imipenem. The detection of "BlaB-like" cephalosporinase which was also induced differentially in Y. enterocolitica biotype 1A strains presented an opportunity to discern newer mechanisms, if any, which may underlie inducible expression of "AmpC-type" cephalosporinases. Thus, the objective of the present study was to understand the role of ampR and ampD in regulating differential expression of "BlaB-like" cephalosporinases in biotype 1A strains. Analysis of promoters and amino acid sequences of AmpR revealed that these were conserved in all strains of biotype 1A. Analysis of AmpD amino acid sequences revealed that five variants of AmpD were present which did not contribute to hyper-inducible production of "BlaB-like" enzyme. In-silico prediction of the mRNA secondary structures of ampD revealed significant differences, which might have affected the rate of translation of ampD and accumulation of un-recycled muropeptides inside the cell leading to hyper production of "BlaB-like" cephalosporinases in some Y. enterocolitica biotype 1A strains. The findings provide newer insights to our understanding of the mechanisms underlying regulation of expression of "AmpC-type" β‑lactamases.

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Name: Gene
ISSN: 1879-0038
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