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Microstructure-based finite element model of left ventricle passive inflation.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Microstructure-based finite element model of left ventricle passive inflation."

Isolating the role(s) of microstructural pathological features in affecting diastolic filling is important in developing targeted treatments for heart diseases. We developed a microstructure-based constitutive model of the myocardium and implemented it in an efficient open-source finite element modeling framework to simulate passive inflation of the left ventricle (LV) in a representative 3D geometry based on experimentally measured muscle fiber architecture. The constitutive model was calibrated using previous tissue-level biaxial mechanical test data derived from the canine heart and validated with independent sets of measurements made at both the isolated constituent and organ level. Using the validated model, we investigated the load taken up by each tissue constituent and their effects on LV passive inflation. The model predicts that the LV compliance is sensitive to the collagen ultrastructure, specifically, the collagen fiber azimuthal angle with respect to the local muscle fiber direction and its waviness. The model also predicts that most of the load in the sub-epicardial and sub-endocardial regions is taken up, respectively, by the muscle fibers and collagen fiber network. This result suggests that normalizing LV passive stiffness by altering the collagen fiber network and myocyte stiffness is most effective when applied to the sub-endocardial and sub-epicardial regions, respectively. This finding may have implication for the development of new pharmaceutical treatments targeting individual cardiac tissue constituents to normalize LV filling function in heart diseases. STATEMENT OF
SIGNIFICANCE:
Current constitutive models describing the tissue mechanical behavior of the myocardium are largely phenomenological. While able to represent the bulk tissue mechanical behavior, these models cannot distinguish the contribution of the tissue constituents and their ultrastructure to heart function. Although microstructure-based constitutive models can be used to isolate the role of tissue ultrastructure, they have not been implemented in a computational framework that can accommodate realistic 3D organ geometry. The present study addresses these issues by developing and validating a microstructure-based computational modeling framework, which is used to investigate the role of tissue constituents and their ultrastructure in affecting heart function.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Acta biomaterialia
ISSN: 1878-7568
Pages:

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