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Clostridia and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm neonates.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Clostridia and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm neonates."

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is the most severe life threatening gastrointestinal disease among preterm neonates. NEC continues to account for substantial morbidity and mortality in neonatal intensive care units worldwide. Although its pathogenesis remains incompletely elucidated, NEC is recognized as a multifactorial disease involving intestinal unbalanced inflammatory response, feeding strategies, and bacterial colonization. Epidemiological studies, clinical signs, and animal models support the participation of anaerobic bacteria, particularly clostridia species, in NEC development. Colonization by clostridia seems particularly deleterious. The present review is the opportunity to propose an update on the role of clostridia and NEC.

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Name: Anaerobe
ISSN: 1095-8274
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

ENTEROCOLITIS with extensive ulceration (ULCER) and NECROSIS. It is observed primarily in LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANT.

A common inhabitant of the colon flora in human infants and sometimes in adults. It produces a toxin that causes pseudomembranous enterocolitis (ENTEROCOLITIS, PSEUDOMEMBRANOUS) in patients receiving antibiotic therapy.

A non-sulfate spore-forming anaerobic family of Gram-positive bacteria, of the class clostridia.

A form of gram-negative meningitis that tends to occur in neonates, in association with anatomical abnormalities (which feature communication between the meninges and cutaneous structures) or as OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS in association with IMMUNOLOGIC DEFICIENCY SYNDROMES. In premature neonates the clinical presentation may be limited to ANOREXIA; VOMITING; lethargy; or respiratory distress. Full-term infants may have as additional features FEVER; SEIZURES; and bulging of the anterior fontanelle. (From Menkes, Textbook of Child Neurology, 5th ed, pp398-400)

A loss of mucous substance of the mouth showing local excavation of the surface, resulting from the sloughing of inflammatory necrotic tissue. It is the result of a variety of causes, e.g., denture irritation, aphthous stomatitis (STOMATITIS, APHTHOUS); NOMA; necrotizing gingivitis (GINGIVITIS, NECROTIZING ULCERATIVE); TOOTHBRUSHING; and various irritants. (From Jablonski, Dictionary of Dentistry, 1992, p842)

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