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Pasteurella multocida (PM) causes a varity of clinical manifestation in domestic animals, even acute death. Vaccination is among effective strategy to prevent and control PM-related diseases. Bacterial ghosts (BGs) are empty bacterial envelopes, which sustain subtle antigenic comformation in bacterial outer-membrane and exhibit higher efficacy compared to inactivated vaccines. Here, a BG vaccine generated from the porcine PM reference strain CVCC446 (serotype
2) was prepared upon lysis by E protein of bacteriophage PhiX174, and the safety and immunogenicity were evaluated its in a mouse model. Lysis rate was in 99.99% and the BG vaccine was completely inactivated by addition of freeze-dry procedure. Mice were immunized subcutaneously twice in 2-week intervals with BGs, or BGs plus adjuvant, or formalin-inactivated PM or an adjuvant control. Mice inoculated twice with BGs vaccines generated higher titer of antibodies, interleukin 4 and gamma interferon than those in the inactivated vaccine group or adjuvant placebo group (P < 0.05). CD4 and CD8 T lymphocyte levels in spleen were higher in both BG groups than inactivated vaccine group or adjuvant group. Mice administered with the BGs plus adjuvant were completely protected against intraperitoneal challenge with 10 × LD dose of virulent isolate and exhibited decreased tissue lesion and lower bacterial loads, which was superior to the inactivated vaccine. The results demonstrated safety of the BG vaccine and primary immunogenicity in a mouse model, suggesting a potential of further evaluation in a pig model and vaccine candidate.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Microbial pathogenesis
Pasteurella multocida is the causative agent of a wide range of disease (pasteurellosis) and a zoonotic pathogen in humans. Some pathogenic bacteria are able to exploit host plasminogen for migration ...
Haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) is a well-known high fatality septicaemic disease happening among bovines. The disease is caused by the Pasteurella multocida serotype B:2 bacteria. P. multocida B:2 has ...
Pasteurella multocida isa gram-negative bacterial pathogen that is causative agent of a wide range of diseases in many animal species and humans. Lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are an important virulence f...
Pasteurella multocida B:2 is a Gram-negative organism causing haemorrhagic septicaemia (HS) in buffaloes. It causes severe pulmonary infection, leading to infiltration of numerous macrophages and neut...
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A chronic, clinically mild, infectious pneumonia of PIGS caused by MYCOPLASMA HYOPNEUMONIAE. Ninety percent of swine herds worldwide are infected with this economically costly disease that primarily affects animals aged two to six months old. The disease can be associated with porcine respiratory disease complex. PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA is often found as a secondary infection.
The capacity of VACCINES to stimulate the ADAPTIVE IMMUNE RESPONSE to produce antibodies and antigen-specific T-CELL responses.
Any of several bacterial diseases, usually caused by PASTEURELLA MULTOCIDA, marked by the presence of hemorrhagic areas in the subcutaneous tissues, serous membranes, muscles, lymph glands, and throughout the internal organs. The diseases primarily affect animals and rarely humans.
A species of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria normally found in the flora of the mouth and respiratory tract of animals and birds. It causes shipping fever (see PASTEURELLOSIS, PNEUMONIC); HEMORRHAGIC BACTEREMIA; and intestinal disease in animals. In humans, disease usually arises from a wound infection following a bite or scratch from domesticated animals.
A combined vaccine used to prevent infection with diphtheria and tetanus toxoid. This is used in place of DTP vaccine (DIPHTHERIA-TETANUS-PERTUSSIS VACCINE) when PERTUSSIS VACCINE is contraindicated.
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A vaccine is any preparation intended to produce immunity to a disease by stimulating the production of antibodies. It creates immunity but does not cause the disease. There are several differnt types of vaccine avalable; Killed microorganisms; which s...