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TRPM4 channel and cancer.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "TRPM4 channel and cancer."

The TRPM4 channel has been extensively studied in cerebral diseases such as stroke, head injury and multiple sclerosis. In the heart, gain-of-function mutations of TRPM4 are a cause of familial cardiac block. Recently, evidence has emerged to support the role of TRPM4 in certain types of cancer, such as prostate cancer and large B cell lymphoma. The expression of TRPM4 could mediate certain behaviors of cancer cells such as migration and invasion. However, the mechanisms are largely unknown. As a nonselective monovalent cation channel, TRPM4 upregulation and activation enhance sodium entry, which leads to depolarization of the membrane potential. The membrane potential is critical in regulating calcium influx, and a disturbed calcium homeostasis is always associated with cancer cell behaviors. Research on TRPM4 channels in cancer is at a very early stage. In this review, we summarize the expression of TRPM4 in various cancers as well as our current understanding of TRPM4 in cancer. The potential mechanisms of the TRPM4 channel in regulating calcium homeostasis in cancer cells are further discussed in detail. Targeting the TRPM4 channel can be a novel way of managing cancer metastasis via disrupting calcium signaling pathways.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Cancer letters
ISSN: 1872-7980
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