Bisphenol A disrupts mitotic progression via disturbing spindle attachment to kinetochore and centriole duplication in cancer cell lines.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bisphenol A disrupts mitotic progression via disturbing spindle attachment to kinetochore and centriole duplication in cancer cell lines."

Bisphenol A [BPA, 2,2-bis-(4-hydroxyphenyl)propane] is one of the most prevalent synthetic environmental estrogens; as an endocrine disruptor, it is associated with endocrine-related cancers including breast, ovarian, and prostate. However, the mechanisms by which BPA contributes to carcinogenesis are unclear. This study aims to clarify its toxic effects on mitotic cells and investigate the molecular mechanism. In vitro effects of BPA on mitotic progression were examined by performing experiments on HeLa cells. Proteins involved in mitotic processes were detected by Western blot, live cell imaging, and immunofluorescence staining. The results showed that BPA increased chromosomal instability by perturbing mitotic processes such as bipolar spindle formation and spindle microtubule attachment to the kinetochore. BPA prolonged mitotic progression by disturbing spindle attachment and concomitant activating spindle assembly checkpoint (SAC). Mechanistically, BPA interfered proper localization of HURP to the proximal ends of spindle microtubules, Kif2a to the minus ends of spindle microtubules, and TPX2 on the mitotic spindle. This mislocalization of microtubule associated proteins (MAPs) is postulated to lead to spindle attachment failure. Furthermore, BPA caused multipolar spindle by inducing centriole overduplication and premature disengagement. Although BPA acts as an estrogen receptor (ER) agonist, mitotic defects caused by BPA occurred in an ER-independent manner. Our findings indicate that BPA may stimulate carcinogenesis not only by acting as an endocrine disruptor but also by increasing chromosomal instability during mitosis.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Toxicology in vitro : an international journal published in association with BIBRA
ISSN: 1879-3177


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The cell center, consisting of a pair of CENTRIOLES surrounded by a cloud of amorphous material called the pericentriolar region. During interphase, the centrosome nucleates microtubule outgrowth. The centrosome duplicates and, during mitosis, separates to form the two poles of the mitotic spindle (MITOTIC SPINDLE APPARATUS).

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A family of highly conserved serine-threonine kinases that are involved in the regulation of MITOSIS. They are involved in many aspects of cell division, including centrosome duplication, SPINDLE APPARATUS formation, chromosome alignment, attachment to the spindle, checkpoint activation, and CYTOKINESIS.

Large multiprotein complexes that bind the centromeres of the chromosomes to the microtubules of the mitotic spindle during metaphase in the cell cycle.

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