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Effect of amorphous nanoparticle size on bioavailability of anacetrapib in dogs.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effect of amorphous nanoparticle size on bioavailability of anacetrapib in dogs."

Amorphous solid dispersions (ASDs) are used as bioavailability enhancing formulations on the premise of the increased solubility of the amorphous form over its crystalline counterpart. Recent studies have shown that ASDs can, during dissolution, generate amorphous nanoparticles that were initially postulated to serve as a source of rapidly dissolving compound during absorption. Researchers have proposed that nanoparticles, including crystalline nanoparticles, may provide additional benefits to absorption such as drifting in the mucous layer. However, there are limited published data on the impact of nanoparticle size on bioavailability in vivo and, to our knowledge, there have been no published examples looking at the impact of differential size of in situ generated nanoparticles from an ASD. Anacetrapib, a highly lipophilic, Biopharmaceutics Classification System IV compound, formulated as an ASD that generates nanoparticles upon dissolution, was used in the studies described in this manuscript. A differential response in bioavailability was observed with ∼100 nm or smaller particles resulting in higher average exposure compared to ∼200 nm or larger particles. This increase in bioavailability could not be fully accounted for by the improvement in dissolution rate and was not as pronounced as that achieved by improving solubilization by co-administration with a high fat meal.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of pharmaceutical sciences
ISSN: 1520-6017
Pages:

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