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Endogenous GLP-1 in lateral septum promotes satiety and suppresses motivation for food in mice.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Endogenous GLP-1 in lateral septum promotes satiety and suppresses motivation for food in mice."

Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptors (GLP-1R) are expressed in the lateral septum (LS) of rats and mice, and we have published that endogenous LS GLP-1 affects feeding and motivation for food in rats. Here we asked if these effects are also observed in mice. In separate dose-response studies using male C57Bl6J mice, intra-LS GLP-1 or the GLP-1R antagonist Exendin 9 (Ex9) was delivered shortly before dark onset, at doses subthreshold for effect when injected intracerebroventricularly (icv). Intra-LS GLP-1 significantly suppressed chow intake early in the dark phase and tended to reduce overnight intake. However, blockade of LS GLP-1R with Ex9 had no effect on ad libitum dark onset chow intake. We then asked if LS GLP-1R blockade blunts nutrient preload-induced intake suppression. Mice were trained to consume Ensure immediately before dark onset, which suppressed subsequent chow intake, and intra-LS Ex9 attenuated that preload-induced intake suppression. We also found that restraint stress robustly activates hindbrain GLP-1-producing neurons, and that LS GLP-1R blockade attenuates 30-min restraint stress-induced hypophagia in mice. Furthermore, we have reported that in the rat, GLP-1R in the dorsal subregion of the LS (dLS) affect motivation for food. We examined this in food-restricted mice responding for sucrose pellets on a progressive ratio (PR) schedule. Intra-dLS GLP-1R stimulation significantly suppressed, and Ex9 significantly increased, operant responding, and the Ex9 effect remained after mice returned to ad libitum conditions. Similarly, we found that stimulation of dLS GLP-1 suppressed licking for sucrose and conversely, Ex9 increased licking under ad libitum feeding conditions. Together, our data suggest that endogenous activation of LS GLP-1R plays a role in feeding in mice under some but not all conditions, and that these receptors strongly influence motivation for food.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Physiology & behavior
ISSN: 1873-507X
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The muscular structure separating the right and the left lower chambers (HEART VENTRICLES) of the heart. The ventricular septum consists of a very small membranous portion just beneath the AORTIC VALVE, and a large thick muscular portion consisting of three sections including the inlet septum, the trabecular septum, and the outlet septum.

Cavity in each of the cerebral hemispheres derived from the cavity of the embryonic neural tube. They are separated from each other by the SEPTUM PELLUCIDUM, and each communicates with the THIRD VENTRICLE by the foramen of Monro, through which also the choroid plexuses (CHOROID PLEXUS) of the lateral ventricles become continuous with that of the third ventricle.

This structure includes the thin muscular atrial septum between the two HEART ATRIA, and the thick muscular ventricular septum between the two HEART VENTRICLES.

A triangular double membrane separating the anterior horns of the lateral ventricles of the brain. It is situated in the median plane and bounded by the corpus callosum and the body and columns of the fornix.

Abnormalities in any part of the HEART SEPTUM resulting in abnormal communication between the left and the right chambers of the heart. The abnormal blood flow inside the heart may be caused by defects in the ATRIAL SEPTUM, the VENTRICULAR SEPTUM, or both.

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