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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The Annals of thoracic surgery
Systemic opioids have been the main stay for the management of perioperative pain in children undergoing cardiac surgery with sternotomy. The location, distribution and duration of pain in these child...
To compare the efficacy of a conventional fluoroscopy-guided epidural nerve block and an ultrasound (US)-guided intercostal nerve block in patients with thoracic herpes zoster (HZ).
The traditional theophylline bronchodilator, aminophylline, is still widely used, especially in the treatment of COPD. The effects of aminophylline on ventilation and action of the costal diaphragm ha...
the objective of the present study was to compare the efficacy of TENS and parasternal block with local anesthetic infiltration in relieving pain during the first 24 h period following med...
Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting are at risk for perioperative myocardial ischemia. Episodes of tachycardia and hypertension, which are associated with an increase in my...
The primary objective of the study is to measure plasma levels of bupivacaine following a pecto-intercostal fascial plane block (PIFB) in patients undergoing sternotomy for cardiac surgery...
The combination of PECS II and parasternal Block provides analgesia after radical mastectomy
Pain along the sternum following opening of the chest cavity, also known as post-sternotomy pain (PSP), is a common complication after heart surgery that is associated with several negativ...
Factors that can cause or prevent the outcome of interest, are not intermediate variables, and are not associated with the factor(s) under investigation. They give rise to situations in which the effects of two processes are not separated, or the contribution of causal factors cannot be separated, or the measure of the effect of exposure or risk is distorted because of its association with other factors influencing the outcome of the study.
The ventral rami of the thoracic nerves from segments T1 through T11. The intercostal nerves supply motor and sensory innervation to the thorax and abdomen. The skin and muscles supplied by a given pair are called, respectively, a dermatome and a myotome.
Interruption of sympathetic pathways, by local injection of an anesthetic agent, at any of four levels: peripheral nerve block, sympathetic ganglion block, extradural block, and subarachnoid block.
Making an incision in the STERNUM.
Impaired conduction of cardiac impulse that can occur anywhere along the conduction pathway, such as between the SINOATRIAL NODE and the right atrium (SA block) or between atria and ventricles (AV block). Heart blocks can be classified by the duration, frequency, or completeness of conduction block. Reversibility depends on the degree of structural or functional defects.