A chromosome-scale genome assembly and dense genetic map for Xenopus tropicalis.

08:00 EDT 10th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "A chromosome-scale genome assembly and dense genetic map for Xenopus tropicalis."

The Western clawed frog Xenopus tropicalis is a diploid model system for both frog genetics and developmental biology, complementary to the paleotetraploid X. laevis. Here we report a chromosome-scale assembly of the X. tropicalis genome, improving the previously published draft genome assembly through the use of new assembly algorithms, additional sequence data, and the addition of a dense genetic map. The improved genome enables the mapping of specific traits (e.g., the sex locus or Mendelian mutants) and the characterization of chromosome-scale synteny with other tetrapods. We also report an improved annotation of the genome that integrates deep transcriptome sequence from diverse tissues and stages. The exon-intron structures of these genes are highly conserved relative to both X. laevis and human, as are chromosomal linkages ("synteny") and local gene order. A network analysis of developmental gene expression will aid future studies.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Developmental biology
ISSN: 1095-564X


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Proteins obtained from various species of Xenopus. Included here are proteins from the African clawed frog (XENOPUS LAEVIS). Many of these proteins have been the subject of scientific investigations in the area of MORPHOGENESIS and development.

Change brought about to an organisms genetic composition by unidirectional transfer (TRANSFECTION; TRANSDUCTION, GENETIC; CONJUGATION, GENETIC, etc.) and incorporation of foreign DNA into prokaryotic or eukaryotic cells by recombination of part or all of that DNA into the cell's genome.

A coordinated effort of researchers to map (CHROMOSOME MAPPING) and sequence (SEQUENCE ANALYSIS, DNA) the human GENOME.

The commonest and widest ranging species of the clawed "frog" (Xenopus) in Africa. This species is used extensively in research. There is now a significant population in California derived from escaped laboratory animals.

The presence in a cell of two paired chromosomes from the same parent, with no chromosome of that pair from the other parent. This chromosome composition stems from non-disjunction (NONDISJUNCTION, GENETIC) events during MEIOSIS. The disomy may be composed of both homologous chromosomes from one parent (heterodisomy) or a duplicate of one chromosome (isodisomy).

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