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Proton pump inhibitors: new mechanisms of action.

08:00 EDT 13th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Proton pump inhibitors: new mechanisms of action."

Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are drugs widely used to potently suppress gastric acid secretion in the therapy of gastroesophageal diseases. These drugs are activated in the acidic environment of the stomach and bind covalently to sulfhydryl groups of cysteines found in the proton pump (an H ,K -ATPase) inactivating it. This effect is irreversible and new H ,K -ATPase needs to be expressed in order to resume acid secretion. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

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Name: Basic & clinical pharmacology & toxicology
ISSN: 1742-7843
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Integral membrane proteins that transport protons across a membrane. This transport can be linked to the hydrolysis of ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE. What is referred to as proton pump inhibitors frequently is about POTASSIUM HYDROGEN ATPASE.

Compounds that inhibit H(+)-K(+)-EXCHANGING ATPASE. They are used as ANTI-ULCER AGENTS and sometimes in place of HISTAMINE H2 ANTAGONISTS for GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX.

A cytochrome P-450 enzyme subtype that oxidizes several important groups of drugs including many PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS and ANTICONVULSANTS.

Chronic ESOPHAGITIS characterized by esophageal mucosal EOSINOPHILIA. It is diagnosed when an increase in EOSINOPHILS are present over the entire esophagus. The reflux symptoms fail to respond to PROTON PUMP INHIBITORS treatment, unlike in GASTROESOPHAGEAL REFLUX DISEASE. The symptoms are associated with IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to food or inhalant allergens.

Compounds that contain benzimidazole joined to a 2-methylpyridine via a sulfoxide linkage. Several of the compounds in this class are ANTI-ULCER AGENTS that act by inhibiting the POTASSIUM HYDROGEN ATPASE found in the PROTON PUMP of GASTRIC PARIETAL CELLS.

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