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Protection of Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion by Therapeutic Hypercapnia: a Mechanism Involving Improvements in Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Function.

08:00 EDT 12th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Protection of Myocardial Ischemia-Reperfusion by Therapeutic Hypercapnia: a Mechanism Involving Improvements in Mitochondrial Biogenesis and Function."

Previous studies proposed that acidic reperfusion may be a protective strategy for myocardial ischemia-reperfusion therapy with potential of clinical transformation. In this study, we investigated whether therapeutic hypercapnia could mimic acidosis postconditioning in isolated hearts with a 30-min left coronary artery ligation-reperfusion model in rats. Therapeutic hypercapnia (inhalation 20% CO for 10 min) is cardioprotective with a strict therapeutic time window and acidity: it reduced the infarct ratio and serum myocardial enzyme and increased the myocardial ATP content. Furthermore, mitochondrial morphology damage, the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential, and the formation of mitochondrial permeability transition pore were effectively inhibited, indicating the improvements in mitochondrial function. The expression of the mitochondrial biogenesis regulators was upregulated simultaneously. These findings indicated therapeutic hypercapnia in animals can mimic ex vivo acidosis postconditioning to alleviate myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. The effect is related to improvement in mitochondrial function and regulation of the mitochondrial biogenesis pathway.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of cardiovascular translational research
ISSN: 1937-5395
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Exposure of myocardial tissue to brief, repeated periods of vascular occlusion in order to render the myocardium resistant to the deleterious effects of ISCHEMIA or REPERFUSION. The period of pre-exposure and the number of times the tissue is exposed to ischemia and reperfusion vary, the average being 3 to 5 minutes.

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Damage to the MYOCARDIUM resulting from MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION (restoration of blood flow to ischemic areas of the HEART.) Reperfusion takes place when there is spontaneous thrombolysis, THROMBOLYTIC THERAPY, collateral flow from other coronary vascular beds, or reversal of vasospasm.

Adverse functional, metabolic, or structural changes in ischemic tissues resulting from the restoration of blood flow to the tissue (REPERFUSION), including swelling; HEMORRHAGE; NECROSIS; and damage from FREE RADICALS. The most common instance is MYOCARDIAL REPERFUSION INJURY.

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