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Plums (Prunus spp.) are among the first fruit tree species that attracted human interest. Artificial crosses between wild and domesticated species of plums are still paving the way for creation of new phenotypic variability. In Tunisia, despite a considerable varietal richness of plum as well as a high economic value, the plum sector is experiencing a significant regression. The main reason of this regression is the absence of a national program of plum conservation. Hence, this work was aimed to phenotypically and genetically characterize 23 Tunisian plum accessions to preserve this patrimony. Closely related Prunus species from the same subgenus may be differing at two characteristics: ploidy level and phenotypic traits. In this study, single sequence repeat (SSR) markers allowed distinguishing between eighteen diploid accessions and five polyploid accessions, but SSR data alone precluded unambiguous ploidy estimation due to homozygosity. In contrast, S-allele markers were useful to identify the ploidy level between polyploid species, but they did not distinguish species with the same ploidy level. Seven out of 12 phenotypic traits were shown to be discriminant traits for plum species identification. Molecular and phenotypic traits were significantly correlated and revealed a powerful tool to draw taxonomic and genotypic keys. The results obtained in this work are of great importance for local Tunisian plum germplasm management.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Biochemical genetics
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A technique for identifying individuals of a species that is based on the uniqueness of their DNA sequence. Uniqueness is determined by identifying which combination of allelic variations occur in the individual at a statistically relevant number of different loci. In forensic studies, RESTRICTION FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM of multiple, highly polymorphic VNTR LOCI or MICROSATELLITE REPEAT loci are analyzed. The number of loci used for the profile depends on the ALLELE FREQUENCY in the population.
The addition of descriptive information about the function or structure of a molecular sequence to its MOLECULAR SEQUENCE DATA record.
Tandem arrays of moderately repetitive (5-50 repeats) short (10-60 bases) DNA sequences found dispersed throughout the genome and clustered near telomeres. Their degree of repetition is two to several hundred at each locus. Loci number in the thousands but each locus shows a distinctive repeat unit. Minisatellite repeats are often called variable number of tandem repeats.
Copies of nucleic acid sequence that are arranged in opposing orientation. They may lie adjacent to each other (tandem) or be separated by some sequence that is not part of the repeat (hyphenated). They may be true palindromic repeats, i.e. read the same backwards as forward, or complementary which reads as the base complement in the opposite orientation. Complementary inverted repeats have the potential to form hairpin loop or stem-loop structures which results in cruciform structures (such as CRUCIFORM DNA) when the complementary inverted repeats occur in double stranded regions.
An increased number of contiguous trinucleotide repeats in the DNA sequence from one generation to the next. The presence of these regions is associated with diseases such as FRAGILE X SYNDROME and MYOTONIC DYSTROPHY. Some CHROMOSOME FRAGILE SITES are composed of sequences where trinucleotide repeat expansion occurs.