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Impairment of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) has been associated with cognitive decline in many CNS diseases, including HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND). Recent research suggests an important role for the Sonic hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway in the maintenance of BBB integrity under both physiological and pathological conditions.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of neuroinflammation
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is characterised by aberrant hedgehog signalling in fibrotic tissues. The hedgehog acyltransferase (HHAT) skinny hedgehog catalyses the attachment of palmitate onto sonic hedg...
The aim of the study was to investigate whether inhibition of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) pathway would prevent progression of Barrett's Esophagus (BE) to esophageal adenocarcinoma.
Medulloblastoma is a malignant pediatric tumor that arises from neural progenitors in the cerebellum. Despite a five-year survival rate of ~70%, nearly all patients incur adverse side effects from cur...
We describe association of olfactory bulb and olfactory tract abnormalities in a child with acrocallosal syndrome caused by kinesin family membrane 7 (KIF7) mutation in sonic hedgehog pathway. The chi...
Pericytes are perivascular cells along capillaries that are critical for the development of a functional vascular bed in the central nervous system and other organs. Pericyte functions in the adult br...
A study of the complex genetics of brain development will be undertaken with an emphasis on those genes that cause the most common structural brain anomaly in humans called holoprosencepha...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that orally administered itraconazole, a commonly used antifungal medication, can inhibit Hedgehog pathway signaling in patients with esophageal...
This study examines the effect of a small molecule inhibitor to the Sonic Hedgehog pathway on select hematologic malignancies. Part two of the study will examine the effect of this inhibit...
This randomized, controlled clinical trial, triple-blind, split-mouth type was conducted aiming to assess the absolute risk of sensitivity with and without sonic activation of a desensitiz...
Pancreatic cancer is considered a rare form of cancer with about 277,000 new cases diagnosed in 2008 world-wide, which is about 2.5% of all forms of cancer. However, pancreatic cancer is m...
A frizzled-like, G-protein-coupled receptor that associates with PATCHED RECEPTORS to transduce signals from HEDGEHOG PROTEINS and initiate hedgehog signaling to ZINC FINGER PROTEIN GLI1. It may normally inhibit signaling in the absence of SONIC HEDGEHOG PROTEIN binding to PATCHED RECEPTOR-1.
A zinc finger transcription factor that contains five CYS2-HIS2 ZINC FINGERS and binds to the GLI consensus sequence 5'-GGGTGGTC-3'. The full-length protein functions as a transcriptional activator whereas the truncated C-terminal form functions as a transcriptional repressor of the Sonic Hedgehog (Shh) signaling pathway; a balance between these two forms is critical for limb and digit development. GLI3 also plays a critical role in the differentiation and proliferation of CHONDROCYTES.
Unique slender cells with multiple processes extending along the capillary vessel axis and encircling the vascular wall, also called mural cells. Pericytes are imbedded in the BASEMENT MEMBRANE shared with the ENDOTHELIAL CELLS of the vessel. Pericytes are important in maintaining vessel integrity, angiogenesis, and vascular remodeling.
A transcriptional activator and oncogene protein that contains two CYS2-HIS2 ZINC FINGERS. Two isoforms are expressed; both regulate the expression of specific genes during development of craniofacial features, digits, the CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. They also regulate SONIC HEDGEHOG PROTEIN signaling and cell proliferation.
A family of intercellular signaling proteins that play and important role in regulating the development of many TISSUES and organs. Their name derives from the observation of a hedgehog-like appearance in DROSOPHILA embryos with genetic mutations that block their action.
Antiretroviral Therapy Clostridium Difficile Ebola HIV & AIDS Infectious Diseases Influenza Malaria Measles Sepsis Swine Flu Tropical Medicine Tuberculosis Infectious diseases are caused by pathogenic...
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
Alzheimer's Disease Anesthesia Anxiety Disorders Autism Bipolar Disorders Dementia Epilepsy Multiple Sclerosis (MS) Neurology Pain Parkinson's Disease Sleep Disorders Neurology is the branch of me...