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Bacterial chromosome organization. II. Few special cross-links, cell confinement, and molecular crowders play the pivotal roles.

08:00 EDT 14th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bacterial chromosome organization. II. Few special cross-links, cell confinement, and molecular crowders play the pivotal roles."

Using a coarse-grained bead-spring model of bacterial chromosomes of Caulobacter crescentus and Escherichia coli, we show that just 33 and 38 effective cross-links in 4017 and 4642 monomer chains at special positions along the chain contour can lead to the large-scale organization of the DNA polymer, where confinement effects of the cell walls play a key role in the organization. The positions of the 33/38 cross-links along the chain contour are chosen from the Hi-C contact map of bacteria C. crescentus and E. coli. We represent 1000 base pairs as a coarse-grained monomer in our bead-spring flexible ring polymer model of the DNA polymer. Thus, 4017/4642 beads on a flexible ring polymer represent the C. crescentus/E. coli DNA polymer with 4017/4642 kilo-base pairs. Choosing suitable parameters from Paper I, we also incorporate the role of compaction of the polymer coil due to the presence of molecular crowders and the ability of the chain to release topological constraints. We validate our prediction of the organization of the bacterial chromosomes with available experimental data and also give a prediction of the approximate positions of different segments within the cell. In the absence of confinement, the minimal number of effective cross-links required to organize the DNA chains of 4017/4642 monomers was 60/82 [Agarwal et al., Europhys. Lett. 121, 18004 (2018) and Agarwal et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 30, 034003 (2018)].

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: The Journal of chemical physics
ISSN: 1089-7690
Pages: 144909

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