Advertisement

Topics

Influence of Sex, Menstrual Cycle, and Menopause Status on the Exercise Pressor Reflex.

08:00 EDT 1st May 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Influence of Sex, Menstrual Cycle, and Menopause Status on the Exercise Pressor Reflex."

In this review, we highlight the underlying mechanisms responsible for the sex differences in the exercise pressor reflex (EPR), and, importantly, the impact of sex hormones and menopausal status. The EPR is attenuated in premenopausal women compared with age-matched men. Specifically, activation of the metaboreflex (a component of the EPR) results in attenuated increases in blood pressure and sympathetic vasomotor outflow compared with age-matched men. In addition, premenopausal women exhibit less transduction of sympathetic outflow to the peripheral vasculature than men. In stark contrast, postmenopausal women exhibit an augmented EPR arising from exaggerated metaboreflex-induced autonomic and cardiovascular reflexes. We propose that metaboreflex-induced autonomic and cardiovascular changes associated with menopause majorly contribute to the elevated blood pressure response during dynamic exercise in postmenopausal women. In addition, we discuss the potential mechanisms by which sex hormones in premenopausal women may impact the EPR as well as metaboreflex.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Medicine and science in sports and exercise
ISSN: 1530-0315
Pages: 874-881

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [14036 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Menstrual Cycle Phase Does Not Modulate Whole-Body Heat Loss during Exercise in Hot, Dry Conditions.

Menstrual cycle phase has long been thought to modulate thermoregulatory function. However, information pertaining to the effects of menstrual phase on time-dependent changes in whole-body dry and eva...

Stimulation of spinal δ opioid receptors attenuate the exercise pressor reflex in decerebrate rats.

A reflex arising from contracting hindlimb muscle is responsible in part for the increases in arterial pressure, and heart rate evoked by exercise. The afferent arm of this reflex is comprised of grou...

Social jetlag and menstrual symptoms among female university students.

Menstrual symptoms may have a significant impact on women's lives. Many women experience menses-related health problems, such as menstrual pain, heavy menstrual bleeding, and premenstrual syndrome, du...

Effect of menstrual cycle on ethanol drinking in rhesus monkeys.

Sex differences in the abuse-related effects of alcohol have been demonstrated in the clinic and in preclinical animal models. Less is known about the influence of menstrual cycle phase on drinking.

Chronic ethanol drinking increases during the luteal menstrual cycle phase in rhesus monkeys: implication of progesterone and related neurosteroids.

Sporadic reports of alcohol consumption being linked to menstrual cycle phase highlight the need to consider hormonally characterized menstrual cycle phase in understanding the sex-specific effects of...

Clinical Trials [10418 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

The Effect of Menstrual Cycle On IL-6, TNF-α And Periodontal Status

Aim: Women's menstrual cycle is controlled by the secretion of sex hormones. Sex steroid hormones are thought to be affect to periodontal tissues, wound healing, periodontal disease progre...

Effects of Menstrual Cycle on Preoperative Anxiety

The investigators aimed to investigate the effect of menstrual cycle phases on preoperative anxiety in women under general anesthesia.

Menstrual Phase and Smoking Cessation at a State Quitline

Quitlines are efficient and cost-effective treatments for smoking cessation, yet little research has explored how to personalize and optimize quitline services for women. The goal of this ...

Metabolic and Psychological Changes Associated With Menopause Among Women With HIV

This study will investigate the prevalence and extent of both metabolic and psychosocial changes associated with the menopause transition over 1 year among women with HIV compared to women...

Performance During Menstrual Cycle

This project aims to investigate if muscle strength and muscle power fluctuate during the menstrual cycle. The hypothesis is that the greatest performance will be measured right before ov...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The transitional period before and after MENOPAUSE. Perimenopausal symptoms are associated with irregular MENSTRUAL CYCLE and widely fluctuated hormone levels. They may appear 6 years before menopause and subside 2 to 5 years after menopause.

The period from onset of one menstrual bleeding (MENSTRUATION) to the next in an ovulating woman or female primate. The menstrual cycle is regulated by endocrine interactions of the HYPOTHALAMUS; the PITUITARY GLAND; the ovaries; and the genital tract. The menstrual cycle is divided by OVULATION into two phases. Based on the endocrine status of the OVARY, there is a FOLLICULAR PHASE and a LUTEAL PHASE. Based on the response in the ENDOMETRIUM, the menstrual cycle is divided into a proliferative and a secretory phase.

The last menstrual period. Permanent cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) is usually defined after 6 to 12 months of AMENORRHEA in a woman over 45 years of age. In the United States, menopause generally occurs in women between 48 and 55 years of age.

The premature cessation of menses (MENSTRUATION) when the last menstrual period occurs in a woman under the age of 40. It is due to the depletion of OVARIAN FOLLICLES. Premature MENOPAUSE can be caused by diseases; OVARIECTOMY; RADIATION; chemicals; and chromosomal abnormalities.

Behaviors expressed by individuals to protect, maintain or promote their health status. For example, proper diet, and appropriate exercise are activities perceived to influence health status. Life style is closely associated with health behavior and factors influencing life style are socioeconomic, educational, and cultural.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Menopause
The menopause is a natural event for all women; the ovaries no longer produce estrogen and progesterone. This can be due to natural aging (usual age of onset is 51 years), or through chemotherapy and surgery on the ovaries. The changing balance of the ho...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Article