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This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Retina (Philadelphia, Pa.)
To define the nature and extent of cone photoreceptor abnormalities in diabetic individuals who have mild or no retinopathy by assessing the activation phase of cone phototransduction and the flicker ...
Acetaldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) was reported for its protective properties on myocardial damage, stroke and neurodegeneration disease, but the effects and mechanisms of ALDH2 in the modulation of...
To compare outer retinal layer (ORL) thickness and photoreceptor outer segment (PROS) length between normal eyes and eyes with diabetic macular edema (DME), and also, to study the correlation between ...
Oxygen free radicals play a central role in diabetic angiopathy. This study investigated whether suppression of oxygen radicals could decrease endothelial damage and increase peripheral tissue circula...
Diabetic retinopathy, a secondary complication of diabetes mellitus, can lead to irreversible vision loss. Currently, no treatment is approved for early phases of diabetic retinopathy. Modifications o...
Birdshot Retine choroidopathy (BRC) is a sight threatening posterior uveitis. The long term visual outcome has recently be studied showing a legal blindness to 14% at 5 years. Visual acui...
To report the long term prognosis in patients with punctate inner choroidopathy (PIC) or multifocal choroiditis (MFC) and associated zonal outer retinopathy (ZOR).
after advent of RD photoreceptor degeneration Occurred. This process appears as a incredible and progressive event that will not stop till reattachment of RPE and neurosensory retina happe...
Panretinal photocoagulation reduces the risk of visual loss by 50% in patients with diabetic retinopathy. It is recognized that laser expansion into the retina may be associated with photo...
The maculopathy induced by the retinal toxicity of the synthetic antimalarials must be detected at the infra-clinical state, when it can still be reversible. Identifying early retinal anat...
Peripheral, autonomic, and cranial nerve disorders that are associated with DIABETES MELLITUS. These conditions usually result from diabetic microvascular injury involving small blood vessels that supply nerves (VASA NERVORUM). Relatively common conditions which may be associated with diabetic neuropathy include third nerve palsy (see OCULOMOTOR NERVE DISEASES); MONONEUROPATHY; mononeuropathy multiplex; diabetic amyotrophy; a painful POLYNEUROPATHY; autonomic neuropathy; and thoracoabdominal neuropathy. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1325)
Photosensitive proteins expressed in the ROD PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. They are the protein components of rod photoreceptor pigments such as RHODOPSIN.
The inner portion of a retinal rod or a cone photoreceptor cell, situated between the PHOTORECEPTOR CONNECTING CILIUM and the synapse with the adjacent neurons (RETINAL BIPOLAR CELLS; RETINAL HORIZONTAL CELLS). The inner segment contains the cell body, the nucleus, the mitochondria, and apparatus for protein synthesis.
The single layer of pigment-containing epithelial cells in the RETINA, situated closely to the tips (outer segments) of the RETINAL PHOTORECEPTOR CELLS. These epithelial cells perform essential functions for the photoreceptor cells, such as in nutrient transport, phagocytosis of the shed photoreceptor membranes, and ensuring retinal attachment.
The light sensitive outer portion of a retinal rod or a cone photoreceptor cell. The outer segment contains a stack of disk membranes laden with photoreceptive pigments (RETINAL PIGMENTS). The outer segment is connected to the inner segment by a PHOTORECEPTOR CONNECTING CILIUM.
Diabetes is a lifelong condition that causes a person's blood sugar level to become too high. The two main types of diabetes are: type 1 diabetes type 2 diabetes In the UK, diabetes affects approximately 2.9 million people. There are a...