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Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with leiomyomatous stroma is a provisional category of RCC in the 2016 World Health Organization Classification of Tumors of the Urinary System. Microscopic examination of hematoxylin and eosin-stained sections reveals this entity to be well-circumscribed with tubulopapillary growth of cells with clear cytoplasm in a background of leiomyomatous stroma. Herein we describe the genetic features of 15 University of Chicago Medical Center archived cases with hematoxylin and eosin histology matching the provisional diagnosis. Immunohistochemical (IHC) stains revealed 1/15 of these tumors to be clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) and 6/15 to be clear cell papillary renal cell carcinoma (ccpRCC), demonstrating the morphologic overlap with these discrete known entities. Interestingly 3/6 of the ccpRCCs had chromosome 18 gain suggesting there may be novel specific genetic changes in ccpRCC with leiomyomatous stroma. Of the remaining 8 tumors with IHC staining patterns that do not fit either ccRCC or ccpRCC only 3 of these had mutations in the recently described TCEB1 gene with concurrent monosomy of chromosome 8. These 3 cases had a somewhat unique IHC pattern that possibly could separate them from the 5 other non-ccRCC/non-ccpRCC cases. This descriptive study, although small, demonstrates the difficulty in applying the current World Health Organization provisional criteria at a single institution with suggestion of an immunohistochemcial panel that may assist in the diagnosis of TCEB1-mutated RCC with leiomyomatous stroma.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: The American journal of surgical pathology
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A heterogeneous group of sporadic or hereditary carcinoma derived from cells of the KIDNEYS. There are several subtypes including the clear cells, the papillary, the chromophobe, the collecting duct, the spindle cells (sarcomatoid), or mixed cell-type carcinoma.
An autosomal dominant disorder caused by mutations in a tumor suppressor gene. This syndrome is characterized by abnormal growth of small blood vessels leading to a host of neoplasms. They include HEMANGIOBLASTOMA in the RETINA; CEREBELLUM; and SPINAL CORD; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; pancreatic tumors; and renal cell carcinoma (see CARCINOMA, RENAL CELL). Common clinical signs include HYPERTENSION and neurological dysfunctions.
A heterogeneous aggregate of at least three distinct histological types of lung cancer, including SQUAMOUS CELL CARCINOMA; ADENOCARCINOMA; and LARGE CELL CARCINOMA. They are dealt with collectively because of their shared treatment strategy.
A rare tumor of the female genital tract, most often the ovary, formerly considered to be derived from mesonephric rests. Two varieties are recognized: (1) clear cell carcinoma, so called because of its histologic resemblance to renal cell carcinoma, and now considered to be of muellerian duct derivation and (2) an embryonal tumor (called also ENDODERMAL SINUS TUMOR and yolk sac tumor), occurring chiefly in children. The latter variety may also arise in the testis. (Dorland, 27th ed)
A noninvasive (noninfiltrating) carcinoma of the breast characterized by a proliferation of malignant epithelial cells confined to the mammary ducts or lobules, without light-microscopy evidence of invasion through the basement membrane into the surrounding stroma.
Renal Cell Carcinoma
Renal cell cancer (renal adenocarcinoma or hypernephroma) is the most common type of kidney cancer in adults. More than 8 in every 10 (80%) kidney cancers diagnosed in the UK are this type. In renal cell cancer the cancerous cells start in the lini...
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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...