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We identify the spatially resolved trapping mechanism and clarify the role of the unintentionally doped (UID) GaN layer in suppressing the two-dimensional electron gas (2DEG) degradation in AlGaN/GaN heterostructures on Si. The trapping mechanism is characterized by measuring C-V dispersion after three different configurations of bias stress: high drain-substrate voltage stress, high drain-gate voltage stress and combined stress (with both high drain-gate voltage and drain-substrate voltage stress). Under the combined stress, the 2DEG degradation is the overall effect of electron trapping and hole trapping. By comparing samples with and without the UID GaN layer, we confirm the role of the UID layer in suppressing the 2DEG degradation by hole trapping in that layer. The electron and hole trap states are further identified by reversed vertical stress and current transient measurements. The electron trap with an activation energy of 0.53 eV and the hole trap with an activation energy of 0.81 eV are distinguished.
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A technique for detecting short-lived reactive FREE RADICALS in biological systems by providing a nitrone or nitrose compound for an addition reaction to occur which produces an ELECTRON SPIN RESONANCE SPECTROSCOPY-detectable aminoxyl radical. In spin trapping, the compound trapping the radical is called the spin trap and the addition product of the radical is identified as the spin adduct. (Free Rad Res Comm 1990;9(3-6):163)
A 51-amino acid pancreatic hormone that plays a major role in the regulation of glucose metabolism, directly by suppressing endogenous glucose production (GLYCOGENOLYSIS; GLUCONEOGENESIS) and indirectly by suppressing GLUCAGON secretion and LIPOLYSIS. Native insulin is a globular protein comprised of a zinc-coordinated hexamer. Each insulin monomer containing two chains, A (21 residues) and B (30 residues), linked by two disulfide bonds. Insulin is used as a drug to control insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (DIABETES MELLITUS, TYPE 1).
The two dimensional measure of the outer layer of the body.
The external, nonvascular layer of the skin. It is made up, from within outward, of five layers of EPITHELIUM: (1) basal layer (stratum basale epidermidis); (2) spinous layer (stratum spinosum epidermidis); (3) granular layer (stratum granulosum epidermidis); (4) clear layer (stratum lucidum epidermidis); and (5) horny layer (stratum corneum epidermidis).
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