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Inspired by recent experimental observations and natural phenomena that spontaneous dewetting transition occurs on a hydrophobic micro-structured surface, a thermodynamic model of a condensed water droplet on a micro-pillar arrayed surface is established in order to disclose the mechanical mechanism. Based on a general model of an arbitrary-shaped micro-structured surface, surfaces with conical, rectangular and parabolic micro-pillars are investigated. A critical water droplet volume is found, beyond which dewetting transition can be realized. The effect of micro-pillar's size and intrinsic contact angle on the free energy difference and critical water droplet volume are further studied. The theoretical model may provide a possible explanation for the abnormal Wenzel wetting state of condensed water droplets on lotus leaves and the anti-fogging behavior of mosquito's compound eyes. The present results should be very useful for the biomimetic design of functional dewetting surfaces in practical applications.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of physics. Condensed matter : an Institute of Physics journal
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Localized destruction of the tooth surface initiated by decalcification of the enamel followed by enzymatic lysis of organic structures and leading to cavity formation. If left unchecked, the cavity may penetrate the enamel and dentin and reach the pulp. The three most prominent theories used to explain the etiology of the disease are that acids produced by bacteria lead to decalcification; that micro-organisms destroy the enamel protein; or that keratolytic micro-organisms produce chelates that lead to decalcification.
A spontaneous diminution or abatement of a disease over time, without formal treatment.
Purifying or cleansing agents, usually salts of long-chain aliphatic bases or acids, that exert cleansing (oil-dissolving) and antimicrobial effects through a surface action that depends on possessing both hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties.
Change in the surface ANTIGEN of a microorganism. There are two different types. One is a phenomenon, especially associated with INFLUENZA VIRUSES, where they undergo spontaneous variation both as slow antigenic drift and sudden emergence of new strains (antigenic shift). The second type is when certain PARASITES, especially trypanosomes, PLASMODIUM, and BORRELIA, survive the immune response of the host by changing the surface coat (antigen switching). (From Herbert et al., The Dictionary of Immunology, 4th ed)
A diverse family of extracellular proteins that bind to small hydrophobic molecules. They were originally characterized as transport proteins, however they may have additional roles such as taking part in the formation of macromolecular complexes with other proteins and binding to CELL SURFACE RECEPTORS.