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Dual-energy CT, as well as spectral CT, has a great potential in material decomposition. However, dual-energy CT is difficult to apply to multi-material decomposition because the number of energy bins is limited to two. Current spectral CT systems have more energy bins, but the statistical noise in each energy bin is high because of the decreased photon number, which causes errors in the material decomposition results. In this paper, we propose a dynamic-dual-energy spectral CT for accurate multi-material decomposition. In the course of scanning, the energy threshold of the dynamic-dual-energy detector randomly changes to obtain the spectral information of photons. With the proposed statistical noise-weighted tPRISM algorithm, the multi-energy image reconstruction using dynamic-dual-energy CT data was implemented, followed by multi-material decomposition. Both simulation and experiment results show that the multi-energy reconstruction and multi-material decomposition using the dynamic-dual-energy method are more accurate and have less noise compared with that of the conventional static-multi-energy method with the same number of energy bins. The ring artifacts which are severe in the experimental data simulation and experiment results using the conventional spectral CT method are reduced in great extent when using our proposed method. In conclusion, our proposed dynamic-dual-energy spectral CT method is highly feasible and has a great potential in high-quality multi-material decomposition.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Physics in medicine and biology
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