Efficacy and mechanisms of non-invasive brain stimulation to enhance exposure therapy: A review.

08:00 EDT 6th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Efficacy and mechanisms of non-invasive brain stimulation to enhance exposure therapy: A review."

Though cognitive behavioral techniques are generally effective in the treatment of anxiety disorders, some people fail to benefit from exposure therapy or experience a return of fear after terminating exposure therapy. The burgeoning field of non-invasive brain stimulation provides a potential method of augmenting exposure therapy so that it is more effective. Successful exposure therapy is hypothesized to occur due to inhibition, and research suggests that brain stimulation can alter inhibitory learning and related processes. As such, one can reasonably posit that brain stimulation could be used to test the inhibitory learning theory of exposure therapy and to increase the efficacy of exposure therapy by inducing stronger inhibitory learning during exposures. Four known studies that pair brain stimulation with exposure therapy have yielded promising preliminary evidence in support of the therapeutic use of brain stimulation. In this review we describe research illustrating the mechanisms and efficacy of non-invasive brain stimulation to enhance the understanding of and outcomes produced by exposure therapy.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Clinical psychology review
ISSN: 1873-7811
Pages: 64-78


DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [37029 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Neurostimulation for the treatment of chronic migraine and cluster headache - a review article.

Small subsets of patients who fail to respond to pharmacological treatment may benefit from alternative treatment methods. In the last decade, neurostimulation is being explored as a potential treatme...

Biophysical stimulation of bone and cartilage: state of the art and future perspectives.

Biophysical stimulation is a non-invasive therapy used in orthopaedic practice to increase and enhance reparative and anabolic activities of tissue.

Coherence: A Unifying Mechanism of Deep Brain Stimulation.

Deep brain stimulation is a powerful neurostimulation technique that proved its efficacy in treating a group of neurological diseases. Several scientific works tried to understand the mechanism of act...

Confined Thalamic Deep Brain Stimulation in Refractory Essential Tremor.

Thalamic ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) deep brain stimulation (DBS) is an effective therapy for medication-refractory essential tremor (ET). However, 13-40% of patients with an initially robust t...

Development of evidence-based quality indicators for deep brain stimulation in patients with Parkinson's disease and first year experience of implementation of a nation-wide registry.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is a complex, invasive and cost-intensive therapy that requires a high level of expertise. To date, data on quality of DBS in clinical routine in the German health care sy...

Clinical Trials [18686 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of Non-invasive Brain Stimulation in Tobacco Use Disorder

The objective of the study is to determine the effect of non-invasive brain stimulation on craving for tobacco and brain metabolites.

Theta Burst Stimulation for Compulsive Behavior Non-invasive Brain Stimulation Study

This project seeks to identify causal neural mechanisms underlying unwanted, repetitive behaviors (compulsions). Using non-invasive brain stimulation coupled with practice in a computer ta...

Effects of Noninvasive Brain Stimulation on Brain Activity and Appetite

The goal of this project is to identify brain mechanisms by which Noninvasive brain stimulation (NIBS) could decrease hyperphagia. The investigators will synchronously deliver NIBS and mea...

The Use of Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (TDCS) to Enhance the Rehabilitative Effect of Vision Restoration Therapy

The purpose of our study is to explore the efficacy of combination of brain stimulation with visual rehabilitation in patients with visual field loss resulting from brain lesions. It is sh...

Study to Enhance Motor Acute Recovery With Intensive Training After Stroke

Stroke often results in limitation of arm movements, from which many people do not fully recover. We believe that early and intensive therapy is important to enhance recovery of arm moveme...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A technique of brain electric stimulation therapy which uses constant, low current delivered via ELECTRODES placed on various locations on the scalp.

Therapy for MOVEMENT DISORDERS, especially PARKINSON DISEASE, that applies electricity via stereotactic implantation of ELECTRODES in specific areas of the BRAIN such as the THALAMUS. The electrodes are attached to a neurostimulator placed subcutaneously.

Stimulation of the brain, which is self-administered. The stimulation may result in negative or positive reinforcement.

Very small encapsulated gas bubbles (diameters of micrometers) that can be used as CONTRAST MEDIA, and in other diagnostic and therapeutic applications. Upon exposure to sufficiently intense ultrasound, microbubbles will cavitate, rupture, disappear, release gas content, etc. Such characteristics of the microbubbles can be used to enhance diagnostic tests, dissolve blood clots, and deliver drugs or genes for therapy.

A technique to self-regulate brain activities provided as a feedback in order to better control or enhance one's own performance, control or function. This is done by trying to bring brain activities into a range associated with a desired brain function or status.

Quick Search


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topic

Mental Health
Adhd Anorexia Depression Dyslexia Mental Health Psychiatry Schizophrenia Stress Mental health, although not being as obvious as physical health, is very important, causing great unhappiness to those affected, causing add...

Searches Linking to this Article