Bioinspired superoleophobic/superhydrophilic functionalized cotton for efficient separation of immiscible oil-water mixtures and oil-water emulsions.

08:00 EDT 11th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Bioinspired superoleophobic/superhydrophilic functionalized cotton for efficient separation of immiscible oil-water mixtures and oil-water emulsions."

Oil contamination is pressing environmental and natural resource issues. Oil-water separation technology can be used for water purification. Traditional methods are either time consuming or energy intensive. Bioinspired materials with combination of affinity and/or repellence towards oil and water in mesh-based methods have attracted widespread attention in the oil-water separation. Among existing materials, superhydrophobic/superoleophilic materials are prone to contamination by oil. Superhydrophilic/underwater superoleophobic materials can only operate underwater which restricts the practical use. In contrast, superoleophobic/superhydrophilic materials are desirable for oil-water separation. However, traditional mesh-based method cannot be used for separation of emulsions since the dispersed microdroplets can easily pass through the mesh pores. Superhydrophobic/superoleophilic cotton has been used for separation of water-in-oil emulsions. In this study, a facile method to fabricate bioinspired superoleophobic/superhydrophilic cotton was developed. The functionalized cotton exhibits an oil-repellent and water-wetting behavior and is capable of separating both immiscible oil-water mixtures and also oil-in-water emulsions without oil contamination. This developed cotton is of interest for various applications.


Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of colloid and interface science
ISSN: 1095-7103
Pages: 123-130


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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A TEXTILE fiber obtained from the pappus (outside the SEEDS) of cotton plant (GOSSYPIUM). Inhalation of cotton fiber dust over a prolonged period can result in BYSSINOSIS.

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A plant genus of the family MALVACEAE. It is the source of COTTON FIBER; COTTONSEED OIL, which is used for cooking, and GOSSYPOL. The economically important cotton crop is a major user of agricultural PESTICIDES.

Articles of cloth, usually cotton or rayon and other synthetic or cotton-blend fabrics, used in households, hospitals, physicians' examining rooms, nursing homes, etc., for sheets, pillow cases, toweling, gowns, drapes, and the like.

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