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Accurate investigations of adrenal hormone levels play a vital role in pediatric endocrinology for the detection of steroid-related disorders. In this study, we developed and validated a simultaneous assay for eight serum steroids, i.e., DHEA, androstenedione, testosterone, progesterone, 17‑hydroxyprogesterone, DHEA‑sulfate, pregnenolone‑sulfate and cholesterol-sulfate, using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS). Serum samples were prepared by liquid-liquid extraction with methyl t‑butyl ether. Quantitation by LC-MS/MS was performed in multiple reaction monitoring mode with an electrospray ionization source. The run time was 10 min. Analytical performance was evaluated, including imprecision, linearity, ion suppression, carry over and detection capabilities. Serum specimens from 59 children and 120 adults were analyzed to compare the distribution of steroid levels between the groups. All hormones were effectively extracted and separated using our method. The method was essentially free from potential interference and ion suppression. Within-run and between-run imprecision values were <20%. The lower limits of quantification varied from 0.025 to 10 ng/mL. The results were generally good and correlated with those obtained using immunoassay techniques. We developed the HPLC-MS/MS method for the simultaneous measurement of free and sulfated steroid hormones. The performance of the developed method was generally acceptable. Thus, this method may provide a novel approach to steroid profiling in children of age before adrenarche.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences
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A mass spectrometry technique using two (MS/MS) or more mass analyzers. With two in tandem, the precursor ions are mass-selected by a first mass analyzer, and focused into a collision region where they are then fragmented into product ions which are then characterized by a second mass analyzer. A variety of techniques are used to separate the compounds, ionize them, and introduce them to the first mass analyzer. For example, for in GC-MS/MS, GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-MASS SPECTROMETRY is involved in separating relatively small compounds by GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY prior to injecting them into an ionization chamber for the mass selection.
A microanalytical technique combining mass spectrometry and gas chromatography for the qualitative as well as quantitative determinations of compounds.
An analytical method used in determining the identity of a chemical based on its mass using mass analyzers/mass spectrometers.
A mass spectrometry technique used for analysis of nonvolatile compounds such as proteins and macromolecules. The technique involves preparing electrically charged droplets from analyte molecules dissolved in solvent. The electrically charged droplets enter a vacuum chamber where the solvent is evaporated. Evaporation of solvent reduces the droplet size, thereby increasing the coulombic repulsion within the droplet. As the charged droplets get smaller, the excess charge within them causes them to disintegrate and release analyte molecules. The volatilized analyte molecules are then analyzed by mass spectrometry.
A mass spectrometric technique that is used for the analysis of a wide range of biomolecules, such as glycoalkaloids, glycoproteins, polysaccharides, and peptides. Positive and negative fast atom bombardment spectra are recorded on a mass spectrometer fitted with an atom gun with xenon as the customary beam. The mass spectra obtained contain molecular weight recognition as well as sequence information.
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An assay is an analytic procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence or amount or the functional activity of a target entity. This can be a drug or biochemical substance or a cell in an organism or organic sample. ...