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Delivery of Cell-Specific Aptamers to the Arterial Wall with an Occlusion Perfusion Catheter.

08:00 EDT 23rd March 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Delivery of Cell-Specific Aptamers to the Arterial Wall with an Occlusion Perfusion Catheter."

Current strategies to prevent restenosis following endovascular treatment include the local delivery of anti-proliferative agents to inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation and migration. These agents, not specific to VSMCs, are deposited on the luminal surface and therefore target endothelial cells and delay vascular healing. Cell-targeted therapies, (e.g., RNA aptamers), can potentially overcome these safety concerns by specifically binding to VSMC and inhibiting proliferation and migration. The purpose of this study was to therefore demonstrate the ability of a perfusion catheter to deliver cell-specific RNA aptamer inhibitors directly to the vessel wall. RNA aptamers specific to VSMCs were developed using an in vitro cell-based systematic evolution of ligand by exponential enrichment selection process. Two aptamers (Apt01 and Apt14) were evaluated ex vivo using harvested pig arteries in a pulsatile flow bioreactor. Local drug delivery of the aptamers into the medial wall was accomplished using a novel perfusion catheter. We demonstrated the feasibility to deliver aptamer-based drugs directly to the medial layer of an artery using a perfusion catheter. Such cell-specific targeted therapeutic drugs provide a potentially safer and more effective treatment option for patients with vascular disease.

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This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Molecular therapy. Nucleic acids
ISSN: 2162-2531
Pages: 360-366

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