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This study focused on the separate and combined applications of ozonation and microwave treatment to enhance the phosphorus and ammonia release from waste activated sludge. Twenty-six batch experiments were run with or without acidic (pH 2) and alkaline (pH 10) pretreatments and different ozone dosages. Also, microwave post-treatments were applied to enhance phosphorus release efficiency. Results showed that ozonation is an effective technology for solubilization and release without any pre or post-treatment, reactive phosphorus content increased from 1.9 to 3.6 mg PO-P/g MLSS (89.5% increase) with 19.4% COD release. Alkaline pretreatment enhanced sludge solubilization and phosphorus release at most (23.9% COD release and 152.6% PO-P increase); however, decreases in ammonia, calcium and magnesium concentrations pointed out a loss of a part of released phosphorus, due to struvite or apatite precipitation. Acidic pretreatment reduced the sludge solubilization during ozonation (10% COD release) but prevented the uncontrolled precipitation and enhanced the phosphorus release (115.8% PO-P increase). For microwave treatment, acid pretreated sludge showed higher release than alkaline pretreated or neutral sludge. Among different process combinations, acid pretreatment/ozonation/microwave experiments have shown the highest sludge solubilization and nutrient release (48% COD release and 579% PO-P increase); however, the difference between acid pretreatment/microwave and acid pretreatment/ozonation/microwave was not significant in terms of phosphorus release (479% PO-P increase, p = 0.082). Thus, pH 2/microwave may be a cost-effective and feasible alternative for nutrient recovery from waste sludge. For struvite precipitation, pH 8.5 were determined as optimum level. Also using fine struvite particles as seed increased struvite precipitation efficiency.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
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Waste products which, upon release into the atmosphere, water or soil, cause health risks to humans or animals through skin contact, inhalation or ingestion. Hazardous waste sites which contain hazardous waste substances go here.
A process of waste disposal involving the conversion of green waste (i.e. leaves, organic matter, food waste, manure) into soil-enhancing matter.
Sites that receive and store WASTE PRODUCTS. Some facilities also sort, process, and recycle specific waste products.
Documents describing a medical treatment or research project, including proposed procedures, risks, and alternatives, that are to be signed by an individual, or the individual's proxy, to indicate his/her understanding of the document and a willingness to undergo the treatment or to participate in the research.
Management, removal, and elimination of biologic, infectious, pathologic, and dental waste. The concept includes blood, mucus, tissue removed at surgery or autopsy, soiled surgical dressings, and other materials requiring special control and handling. Disposal may take place where the waste is generated or elsewhere.
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...