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The objectives of this research were to identify the capability of bacteria isolated from a non-active sanitary landfill to remove mercury under different saline conditions and to understand the removal kinetics. The mercury concentrations used in the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) test were 0, 5, 10, 15 and 20 mg/L. The capability of one selected bacterium from the MIC test to remove mercury under different saline conditions (0, 10, 20, and 30‰) was also tested. Five indigenous bacteria were isolated from the Keputih non-active sanitary landfill, Surabaya, Indonesia. The MICs of mercury for FA-1, FA-2, FA-3, FA-4, and FA-5 were 5, 10, 5, 5, and 5 mg/L, respectively. Based on biochemical characterization, FA-2 was identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The isolate of P. aeruginosa was capable of removing Hg under different saline conditions. The optimum saline condition for P. aeruginosa to remove Hg was 10‰, with a removal percentage of 99.7 ± 0.18% following pseudo-second-order kinetics (R = 0.9939) with k = 2.0059 mg substrate/g adsorbent/hr. Hence, isolated P. aeruginosa showed potential for the bioremediation of mercury-contaminated areas.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of environmental management
Efforts at organic mercury detoxification can be carried out using resistant bacteria that can live in an environment contaminated with the compound. This study aimed at isolating and identifying resi...
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Stable mercury atoms that have the same atomic number as the element mercury, but differ in atomic weight. Hg-196, 198-201, and 204 are stable mercury isotopes.
Poisoning that results from chronic or acute ingestion, injection, inhalation, or skin absorption of MERCURY or MERCURY COMPOUNDS.
Unstable isotopes of mercury that decay or disintegrate emitting radiation. Hg atoms with atomic weights 185-195, 197, 203, 205, and 206 are radioactive mercury isotopes.
A silver metallic element that exists as a liquid at room temperature. It has the atomic symbol Hg (from hydrargyrum, liquid silver), atomic number 80, and atomic weight 200.59. Mercury is used in many industrial applications and its salts have been employed therapeutically as purgatives, antisyphilitics, disinfectants, and astringents. It can be absorbed through the skin and mucous membranes which leads to MERCURY POISONING. Because of its toxicity, the clinical use of mercury and mercurials is diminishing.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria capable of reducing sulfur compounds to hydrogen sulfide. Organisms are isolated from anaerobic mud of fresh and salt water, animal intestines, manure, and feces.