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Peroneal spastic flatfoot caused by tarsal coalition is well known; however, tibial spastic varus foot is a rare clinical entity also caused by tarsal coalition in most cases. The os calcaneus secundarius is a rare accessory bone between the anterior process of the calcaneus and the navicular bone. The case of a 29-year-old woman with tibial spastic varus foot caused by os calcaneus secundarius is presented. Operative excision of the os calcaneus secundarius completely resolved the varus deformity. This is the first case report involving tibial spastic varus foot caused by os calcaneus secundarius.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Foot (Edinburgh, Scotland)
Pathologic fractures of the calcaneus secondary to osteomyelitis (OM) have rarely been reported in the literature. This case series describes 5 patients who were treated in our institution for chronic...
Polydactyly is a common congenital deformity of the foot that can be categorized as preaxial, central, or postaxial. Current treatments involve resecting the supernumerary toe(s) and repairing the nor...
Varus deformity of knee osteoarthritis was formed by both intra-articular and extra-articular pathologies. Such intra-articular deformities could not be fully corrected by a medial open-wedge high tib...
We report the case of a 32-year-old basketball player who presented with an acute flatfoot deformity after performing a unipodal power jump. Rupture of the posterior tibial tendon within the foot was ...
Müller-Weiss disease (MWD) is a dysplasia of the tarsal navicular. The shifting of the talar head laterally over the calcaneus drives the subtalar joint into varus. Failure to identify patients with ...
Children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP) often walk with insufficient ankle dorsiflexion in the swing phase. A pathological gait, known as drop-foot gait, can be the result and this has 2...
This study should refine our surgical indications and to establish a decision tree of medical and surgical treatment of this common and troublesome strain functionally which is equino-varu...
The purpose of this study is to determine wether autologous bone graft from iliac crest enhances bone union of tibial osteotomies, in the treatment of varus knee deformity.
The aim of this work was to test the Echelon foot efficiency to offer enhanced safety, comfort and function over a wide range of walking surfaces, inclines and stairs, thereby improving th...
To assess the benefit of an anti-varus ankle foot orthosis (CALIGALOC, Bauerfeind) on gait and balance parameters in hemiparetic patients.
Entrapment of the distal branches of the posterior TIBIAL NERVE (which divides into the medial plantar, lateral plantar, and calcanial nerves) in the tarsal tunnel, which lies posterior to the internal malleolus and beneath the retinaculum of the flexor muscles of the foot. Symptoms include ankle pain radiating into the foot which tends to be aggravated by walking. Examination may reveal Tinel's sign (radiating pain following nerve percussion) over the tibial nerve at the ankle, weakness and atrophy of the small foot muscles, or loss of sensation in the foot. (From Foot Ankle 1990;11(1):47-52)
Disease of the TIBIAL NERVE (also referred to as the posterior tibial nerve). The most commonly associated condition is the TARSAL TUNNEL SYNDROME. However, LEG INJURIES; ISCHEMIA; and inflammatory conditions (e.g., COLLAGEN DISEASES) may also affect the nerve. Clinical features include PARALYSIS of plantar flexion, ankle inversion and toe flexion as well as loss of sensation over the sole of the foot. (From Joynt, Clinical Neurology, 1995, Ch51, p32)
The medial terminal branch of the sciatic nerve. The tibial nerve fibers originate in lumbar and sacral spinal segments (L4 to S2). They supply motor and sensory innervation to parts of the calf and foot.
The anterior and posterior arteries created at the bifurcation of the popliteal artery. The anterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle and lies along the tibia at the distal part of the leg to surface superficially anterior to the ankle joint. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg, ankle, and foot. The posterior tibial artery begins at the lower border of the popliteus muscle, lies behind the tibia in the lower part of its course, and is found situated between the medial malleolus and the medial process of the calcaneal tuberosity. Its branches are distributed throughout the leg and foot.
The largest of the TARSAL BONES which is situated at the lower and back part of the FOOT, forming the HEEL.
Osteoporosis is a disease in which the bones become extremely porous, are subject to fracture, and heal slowly, occurring especially in women following menopause and often leading to curvature of the spine from vertebral collapse. Follow and track&n...