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Neurological development is determined by brain growth. Methods to measure total brain volume (TBV) in clinical settings are limited. MR-imaging represents the gold-standard.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Early human development
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) aims to maintain sufficient alveolar ventilation, improve pulmonary gas exchange, assist respiratory muscles, and decrease work of breathing. Monitoring variables such a...
The agreement between invasive and non-invasive blood pressure (BP) readings in the first days of life of preterm infants is contentiously debated.
For newborns and neonates, ultrasound (US) is the most common imaging modality used for examinations due to its accessibility and ease of use. However, precise volume measurements remain limited in 2D...
The prediction of neurodevelopmental outcomes in preterm infants is one of the clinical challenges of pediatrics. Despite the recent interest in brain development and white matter connectivity using a...
Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) in hypoxic ischaemic brain injury (HIBI) can cause secondary ischaemic brain injury and culminate in brain death. Invasive ICP monitoring is limited by associated...
Neonatal cranial ultrasound (US) remains the method of choice to detect brain injury in high risk preterm infants on neonatal intensive care units (NICU). It is a non-invasive, inexpensive...
Estimation of liver volume is important for live donor liver transplant as well as extended liver resections. Computed tomography (CT) volumetry which is currently a gold standard for live...
Vancomycin is frequently under-dosed in ICU patients during the first 24-48 hours of treatment. Glomerular hyperfiltration syndrome, increased drug volume of distribution, vasopressor use,...
Extremely low birth weight (ELBW), birth weight less than or equal to 1000 g, infants are at high risk for developing brain injury in the first week of life. Intraventricular hemorrhage (I...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the early use of hydrocortisone in hypotensive very low birth weight infants. Based on the observations that: - hypotension is a com...
Volume of circulating blood in a region of the brain. It is a functional measure of the brain perfusion status which relates changes in this to changes in CEREBROVASULAR CIRCULATION that are often seen in brain diseases.
The volume of BLOOD passing through the HEART per unit of time. It is usually expressed as liters (volume) per minute so as not to be confused with STROKE VOLUME (volume per beat).
The volume of air contained in the lungs at the end of a maximal inspiration. It is the equivalent to each of the following sums: VITAL CAPACITY plus RESIDUAL VOLUME; INSPIRATORY CAPACITY plus FUNCTIONAL RESIDUAL CAPACITY; TIDAL VOLUME plus INSPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus functional residual capacity; or tidal volume plus inspiratory reserve volume plus EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME plus residual volume.
The volume of the HEART, usually relating to the volume of BLOOD contained within it at various periods of the cardiac cycle. The amount of blood ejected from a ventricle at each beat is STROKE VOLUME.
Volume of circulating BLOOD. It is the sum of the PLASMA VOLUME and ERYTHROCYTE VOLUME.