Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) both play important roles in primordial follicle development. Here we investigated the reciprocal stimulation effects of a cytokine bFGF and FSH on primordial follicle development in the chicken and considered a possible signaling mechanism involving protein kinase B (AKT) and extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK) pathways. 4-day-old chicken ovaries were treated with bFGF and FSH for 3 days in culture to investigate the effects of bFGF and FSH on primordial follicle development. Methods included HE staining, immunohistochemistry, quantitate real-time PCR, Western blot and immunoﬂuorescence. A correlated change of bFGF receptor (FGFR1) mRNA expression and time course of primordial follicle activation was revealed in the early chick ovaries. A reciprocal stimulation effect on primordial follicle activation was demonstrated for bFGF and FSH, along with accelerated granulosa cells proliferation and decreased cell apoptosis. The promoting effect of bFGF was attenuated by the FGFR1 inhibitor SU5402 where the percentage of growing follicles had decreased. AKT and ERK signaling pathways mediated the action of bFGF and FSH in their promotion of primordial follicle activation. Cytokine bFGF and FSH imposed reciprocal stimulating effects on granulosa cell proliferation and anti-apoptosis to promote primordial follicle activation via the PI3K-AKT and ERK signaling pathways in early chick ovaries.
This article was published in the following journal.
Global consumption of protein per capita is rising, while rates of infertility are increasing. However, a clear relationship between protein intake and reproductive health has not been demonstrated. T...
Excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) usually resulted in scar formation during wound healing, which caused skin dysfunction, such as hair loss. Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) was ...
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of kaempferol on the morphology, follicular activation, growth and DNA fragmentation of ovine preantral follicles cultured in situ, and the effects of...
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a common disease in which pancreatic β cells are impaired due to auto-immunity, pregnancy in women with it is associated with increased risk of neonatal morbidity, mortality....
The dynamic transcriptional regulation and interactions of human germlines and surrounding somatic cells during folliculogenesis remain unknown. Using RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis of human oocyte...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of an experimental treatment, known as in vitro activation (IVA) of dormant ovarian follicles, for infertility in women diagnosed...
The aim of this project is to activate recruitment and growth of resting primordial follicles in the ovaries of women with diminished ovarian reserve, in attempt to increase the chance to ...
Women with PCOS suffer from anovulation and, as a result, infertility. Efforts to clinically induce ovulation in these women using follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) administered subcutane...
The purpose of the study is to evaluate immunogenic potential of FSH-IBSA in healthy volunteers undergoing controlled ovarian hyperstimulation (COH) in an oocyte donation program.
The deficit in the total number of antral follicles is associated with a reduction of the ovarian fertility potential in young women. The principal objective of this study is to evaluate ...
The beta subunit of follicle stimulating hormone. It is a 15-kDa glycopolypeptide. Full biological activity of FSH requires the non-covalently bound heterodimers of an alpha and a beta subunit. Mutation of the FSHB gene causes delayed puberty, or infertility.
Receptors with a 6-kDa protein on the surfaces of cells that secrete LUTEINIZING HORMONE or FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE, usually in the adenohypophysis. LUTEINIZING HORMONE-RELEASING HORMONE binds to these receptors, is endocytosed with the receptor and, in the cell, triggers the release of LUTEINIZING HORMONE or FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE by the cell. These receptors are also found in rat gonads. INHIBINS prevent the binding of GnRH to its receptors.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. Within a species, the alpha subunit is common in the three pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
A major gonadotropin secreted by the human adenohypophysis (PITUITARY GLAND, ANTERIOR). Follicle-stimulating hormone stimulates GAMETOGENESIS and the supporting cells such as the ovarian GRANULOSA CELLS, the testicular SERTOLI CELLS, and the LEYDIG CELLS. FSH consists of two noncovalently linked subunits, alpha and beta. The alpha subunit is common in the three human pituitary glycoprotein hormones (TSH, LH, and FSH), but the beta subunit is unique and confers its biological specificity.
Glycoproteins that inhibit pituitary FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretion. Inhibins are secreted by the Sertoli cells of the testes, the granulosa cells of the ovarian follicles, the placenta, and other tissues. Inhibins and ACTIVINS are modulators of FOLLICLE STIMULATING HORMONE secretions; both groups belong to the TGF-beta superfamily, as the TRANSFORMING GROWTH FACTOR BETA. Inhibins consist of a disulfide-linked heterodimer with a unique alpha linked to either a beta A or a beta B subunit to form inhibin A or inhibin B, respectively
Diabetes Diabetes Endocrine Disorders Obesity Oxycontin Renal Disease Thyroid Disorders Endocrinology is the study of the endocrine glands and the hormones that they secrete (Oxford Medical Dictionary). There are several g...
Cytokine Tumour Necrosis Factor (TNF)
TNF is a compound that is classified as a cytokine which plays a central role in the cellular mechanisms of apoptosis or cell death. However, there are a number of different kinds of TNF, just under twenty, but the family of molecules have very similar a...
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...