Advertisement

Topics

Appraisal of heavy metal contents in groundwater and associated health hazards posed to human population of Ropar wetland, Punjab, India and its environs.

08:00 EDT 5th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Appraisal of heavy metal contents in groundwater and associated health hazards posed to human population of Ropar wetland, Punjab, India and its environs."

Heavy metals are well recognised for their toxicity and pose human health risks even at very low levels. In the present work, groundwater from Ropar wetland, Punjab, India and its environs (18 sites), were analysed for physico-chemical parameters, water quality indices, heavy metal contents (cadmium, cobalt, chromium, copper, lead and zinc) and possible health risks posed to adults and children during summer and winter seasons. Groundwater was slightly-alkaline, non-saline and hard which may be suitable for irrigation purposes. Among 18 samples, 7 and 9 samples in summer; 8 and 18 samples in winter exceeded BIS acceptable limits (mg L) of 0.003 and 0.05 for cadmium and chromium, respectively. Mean non-cancer hazard quotients for cobalt (5.09-7.63) were >1. Mean hazard indices for cumulative risks posed by all heavy metals (6.00-10.11) were also >1. These results indicated higher risk of non-cancerous health problems in residents of the study area. Chromium was found to pose significant possible cancer risk (1.20-2.99 cases/1000 persons). Children were more prone to health problems than adults due to their lower body weight with greater risk in winters, which may be attributed to higher contamination of heavy metals in groundwater after leaching during monsoons. The results of water quality analysis and risk assessment indicated that the groundwater suffered from significant contamination and if used for long-term without pre-treatment, may pose serious health risks to human population via drinking water and irrigation of agricultural fields due to bioconcentration of heavy metals in food crops cultivated in those fields.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 179-190

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [19246 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Impacts of leachate of landfill on the groundwater hydrochemistry and size distributions and heavy metal components of colloids: a case study in NE China.

Colloids associated with heavy metals are ubiquitous in contaminated groundwater; waste accumulation at imperfectly sealed landfills can produce large amounts of leachate with colloids and heavy metal...

Influence of coastal groundwater salinization on the distribution and risks of heavy metals.

Coastal groundwater quality significantly affects the regional sustainable development, due to the water resource shortage in coastal zone. Current studies on coastal groundwater have mainly focused o...

Spatial distribution, accumulation and human health risk assessment of heavy metals in soil and groundwater of the Tano Basin, Ghana.

Soil serves as a vast matrix for heavy metal accumulation and subsequent redistribution to critical aspects of the environment such as groundwater. Soil pollution study is essential for sustainable hu...

Effects of Urban-rural Atmospheric Environment on Heavy Metal Accumulation and Resistance Characteristics of Pinus tabulaeformis in Northern China.

The washed and unwashed current (C) and previous year (C + 1) needles, branches and top soils of Pinus tabulaeformis trees were sampled at five sites Haitai industrial district (HT), Puji River (P...

School's out forever? Heavy metal preferences and higher education.

Cultural behaviors are theoretically linked to future life chances but empirical literature is scant. We use heavy metal as an example of cultural identities due to its high salience. We first assess ...

Clinical Trials [4375 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Investigation of Wet Cupping Therapy on Heavy Metal Levels of Steel Industry Workers

This interventional study investigates the efficacy of Wet cupping therapy on heavy metal levels.The levels of the selected heavy metals will be measured in the blood samples obtained from...

the Association Between Blood's and Urinary Heavy Metal Level in Pregnant Women and the Spontaneous Abortion

The aim of the study was to define the possible association between heavy iron level and the consequence of pregnancy especially spontaneous abortion and missed abortion. The study populat...

Validation and Field Test for Risk Appraisal Instruments

To field test the validity, reliability, cost, and cost-benefit of Health Risk Appraisal (HRA) instruments.

Ultrasound Assessment of Gastric Contents in Fasted Elderly Patients With Hip Fracture

Evaluation of gastric contents in fasted elderly patients with hip fracture. The gastric contents will be examined by using ultrasonography in fasted elderly patients scheduled for hip fra...

Metal Ion Release From an FDA-Approved Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Replacement Implant

This is a multi-center, randomized study to compare blood and urine cobalt, chromium, and titanium ion levels of a metal-on-metal articular bearing coupled with two different head sizes to...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The technique of washing tissue specimens with a concentrated solution of a heavy metal salt and letting it dry. The specimen will be covered with a very thin layer of the metal salt, being excluded in areas where an adsorbed macromolecule is present. The macromolecules allow electrons from the beam of an electron microscope to pass much more readily than the heavy metal; thus, a reversed or negative image of the molecule is created.

The concept concerned with all aspects of the quality, accessibility, and appraisal of health care and health care delivery.

Therapy of heavy metal poisoning using agents which sequester the metal from organs or tissues and bind it firmly within the ring structure of a new compound which can be eliminated from the body.

Conditions associated with damage or dysfunction of the nervous system caused by exposure to heavy metals, which may cause a variety of central, peripheral, or autonomic nervous system injuries.

A chelating agent used as an antidote to heavy metal poisoning.

Advertisement
Quick Search
Advertisement
Advertisement

 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Pediatrics
Pediatrics is the general medicine of childhood. Because of the developmental processes (psychological and physical) of childhood, the involvement of parents, and the social management of conditions at home and at school, pediatrics is a specialty. With ...

Cancer Disease
Cancer is not just one disease but many diseases. There are more than 100 different types of cancer. Most cancers are named for the organ or type of cell in which they start - for example, cancer that begins in the colon is called colon cancer; cancer th...


Searches Linking to this Article