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Effects of surface-modified biochars and activated carbon on the transformation of soil inorganic nitrogen and growth of maize under chromium stress.

08:00 EDT 8th April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Effects of surface-modified biochars and activated carbon on the transformation of soil inorganic nitrogen and growth of maize under chromium stress."

Elevated chromium (Cr) level is challenging agricultural production and affecting soil biochemical process. This study evaluated the effect of amendments including surface-modified biochars (
HBC:
acid washing, Fe(III)-
HBC:
ferric iron loading, nZVI-
HBC:
nanoscale zero-valent iron loading) and activated carbon on hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) removal in soil and on N cycling enzyme activities, transformation of soil inorganic nitrogen, and growth of maize under Cr stress. The results showed that amendments increased Cr(VI) removal by 72.9%-96.34% at three levels of spiked Cr(VI) (low: 125 mg kg, moderate: 250 mg kg, high: 500 mg kg). Under low Cr stress, amendments generally significantly decreased urease and nitrite reductase activities but increased nitrate reductase activity (p < 0.05). The NH-N content had a significant positive correlation with urease activity (p < 0.01), while both NO-N and NO-N were absent correlations with N cycling enzyme studied. Amendments decreased NH-N/NO-N ratio under low Cr stress but increased it under moderate Cr stress, although the difference was not significant. Under high Cr stress, only Fe(III)-HBC significantly increased NH-N/NO-N ratio (p < 0.05). The decrease and increase of NH-N/NO-N ratios indicate the enhancement of nitrification and denitrification, respectively. The increase in Cr(VI) removal by amendments contributed to the increase in the migration of NO-N from roots to shoots. Amendments (except for nZVI-HBC in soil under low Cr stress) increased maize height by 20%-59%. Under low Cr stress, however, nZVI-HBC significantly decreased maize height by 65% (p < 0.05), indicating the toxic effect of nZVI on maize growth overwhelmed low Cr stress.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 124-132

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