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ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) are studied as a potential solution to alleviate Zn deficiency in human diet due to their special physicochemical properties. However, information for food quality and safety in NP-treated crops is limited. The effects of ZnO NPs and ZnSO on germination and growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were studied in germination and pot experiments. Zn content increased significantly, ZnO NPs were more effective than ZnSO at increasing grain Zn content, but less effective at increasing leaf Zn, and no ZnO NPs were detected in the wheat tissues by NP-treatments, indicated by XRD. Both ZnO NPs and ZnSO at moderate doses increased grain yield and biomass. Compared with control, the maximum grain yield and biomass of wheat treated with ZnO NPs and ZnSO were increased by 56%, 63% and 55%, 72%, respectively. ZnSO was more toxic than ZnO NPs at high doses as measured by the inhibitory effects in seed germination, root length, shoot length and dry biomass of seedlings. Structural damage in roots and variation in enzyme activities were greater with ZnSO than with ZnO NPs. ZnO NPs did not cause toxicity different from that of ZnSO, which indicates that ZnO NPs used under the current experimental conditions did not cause Nano specific risks.
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Cadmium (Cd) is among the non-essential elements for the growth of crops while silicon (Si) is a beneficial element for plant growth. There is little evidence regarding the use of silicon nanoparticle...
The present study demonstrated the possible impacts of iron oxide nanoparticles (Fe NPs) on the alleviation of toxic effects of cadmium (Cd) in wheat and enhance its growth, yield, and Fe biofortifica...
To investigate the effect and mechanism of chitosan nanoparticles (CSNPs) on the germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), we conducted systematic research on the impact of diff...
In humans, the effects of lysine-fortified wheat on growth measures was much lower than that of animal experimentations that used phosphorus-containing mineral mix. It is known that wheat contains a l...
Intrapartum magnesium sulphate administration is recommended for fetal neuroprotection in women with imminent very preterm birth. However, previous studies have not included or separately analyzed the...
Assessment of the impact of oral Human Milk Oligosaccharides (HMO) application on acute diarrhoea and the development of prolonged and persistent diarrhoea in paediatric patients hospitali...
Silver nanoparticles are one of most nanoparticles use nowadays in the research area because it has specific physical and chemical properties, in medical fields silver nanoparticles can in...
Nowadays, commercial wheat extract is widely accessible, and is used for skin prick test for wheat allergy. However, commercial wheat extracted for skin prick test have less precise test r...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether oral topic silver nanoparticles are effective to reduce potential pathogen microbial loads in mechanical ventilation patients.
This study investigates the health benefits of whole grain wheat on cardiovascular/ cardio-metabolic health, including glucose metabolism, by means of applying a mixed meal challenge. This...
A ZINC metalloenzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from BETAINE to HOMOCYSTEINE to produce dimethylglycine and METHIONINE, respectively. This enzyme is a member of a family of ZINC-dependent METHYLTRANSFERASES that use THIOLS or selenols as methyl acceptors.
A family of transcription factors that are induced by GROWTH FACTORS and contain a highly conserved DNA-binding domain composed of three ZINC FINGER MOTIFS.
A ZINC FINGER MOTIF containing immediate early protein that is closely related to TRISTETRAPROLIN. It interacts with and helps destabilize VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR mRNA.
A nuclear protein and tumor suppressor that contains a C-terminal PHD ZINC FINGER. It is expressed in different isoforms in various tissues and interacts with TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN P53 to negatively regulate cell growth. Reduced expression and chromosomal rearrangements of the ING1 gene are associated with different cancers including HEAD AND NECK NEOPLASMS.
Nanometer-sized particles that are nanoscale in three dimensions. They include nanocrystaline materials; NANOCAPSULES; METAL NANOPARTICLES; DENDRIMERS, and QUANTUM DOTS. The uses of nanoparticles include DRUG DELIVERY SYSTEMS and cancer targeting and imaging.
Food is any substance consumed to provide nutritional support for the body. It is usually of plant or animal origin, and contains essential nutrients, such as carbohydrates, fats, proteins, vitamins, or minerals. The substance is ingested by an organism ...
A genetically modified organism (GMO) is an organism whose genetic material has been altered using genetic engineering techniques. Organisms that have been genetically modified include micro-organisms such as bacteria and yeast, insects, plants, fish, an...
Enzymes are proteins that catalyze (i.e., increase the rates of) chemical reactions. In enzymatic reactions, the molecules at the beginning of the process, called substrates, are converted into different molecules, called products. Almost all chemical re...