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Comparison study of zinc nanoparticles and zinc sulphate on wheat growth: From toxicity and zinc biofortification.

08:00 EDT 1st April 2019 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Comparison study of zinc nanoparticles and zinc sulphate on wheat growth: From toxicity and zinc biofortification."

ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) are studied as a potential solution to alleviate Zn deficiency in human diet due to their special physicochemical properties. However, information for food quality and safety in NP-treated crops is limited. The effects of ZnO NPs and ZnSO on germination and growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) were studied in germination and pot experiments. Zn content increased significantly, ZnO NPs were more effective than ZnSO at increasing grain Zn content, but less effective at increasing leaf Zn, and no ZnO NPs were detected in the wheat tissues by NP-treatments, indicated by XRD. Both ZnO NPs and ZnSO at moderate doses increased grain yield and biomass. Compared with control, the maximum grain yield and biomass of wheat treated with ZnO NPs and ZnSO were increased by 56%, 63% and 55%, 72%, respectively. ZnSO was more toxic than ZnO NPs at high doses as measured by the inhibitory effects in seed germination, root length, shoot length and dry biomass of seedlings. Structural damage in roots and variation in enzyme activities were greater with ZnSO than with ZnO NPs. ZnO NPs did not cause toxicity different from that of ZnSO, which indicates that ZnO NPs used under the current experimental conditions did not cause Nano specific risks.

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Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Chemosphere
ISSN: 1879-1298
Pages: 109-116

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A ZINC metalloenzyme that catalyzes the transfer of a methyl group from BETAINE to HOMOCYSTEINE to produce dimethylglycine and METHIONINE, respectively. This enzyme is a member of a family of ZINC-dependent METHYLTRANSFERASES that use THIOLS or selenols as methyl acceptors.

A family of transcription factors that are induced by GROWTH FACTORS and contain a highly conserved DNA-binding domain composed of three ZINC FINGER MOTIFS.

A ZINC FINGER MOTIF containing immediate early protein that is closely related to TRISTETRAPROLIN. It interacts with and helps destabilize VASCULAR ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH FACTOR mRNA.

A nuclear protein and tumor suppressor that contains a C-terminal PHD ZINC FINGER. It is expressed in different isoforms in various tissues and interacts with TUMOR SUPPRESSOR PROTEIN P53 to negatively regulate cell growth. Reduced expression and chromosomal rearrangements of the ING1 gene are associated with different cancers including HEAD AND NECK NEOPLASMS.

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