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With the aim to discover novel, efficient and selective inhibitors of human alkaline phosphatase and nucleotide pyrophosphatase enzymes, two new series of pyrazolyl pyrimidinetriones (PPTs) (6a-g) and thioxopyrimidinediones (PTPs) (6h-n) were synthesized in good chemical yields using Knoevenagel condensation reaction between pyrazole carbaldehydes (4a-g) and pharmacologically active N-alkylated pyrimidinetrione (5a) and thioxopyrimidinedione (5b). The inhibition potential of the synthesized hybrid compounds was evaluated against human alkaline phosphatase (h-TNAP and h-IAP) and ectonucleotidase (h-NPP1 and h-NPP3) enzymes. Most of the tested analogs were highly potent with a variable degree of inhibition depending on the functionalized hybrid structure. The detailed structure-activity relationship (SAR) of PPT and PTP derivatives suggested that the compound with unsubstituted phenyl ring from PPT series led to selective and potent inhibition (6a; IC = 0.33 ± 0.02 µM) of h-TNAP, whereas compound 6c selectively inhibited h-IAP isozyme with IC value of 0.86 ± 0.04 µM. Similarly, compounds 6b and 6h were identified as the lead scaffolds against h-NPP1 and h-NPP3, respectively. The probable binding modes for the most potent inhibitors were elucidated through molecular docking analysis. Structure-activity relationships, mechanism of action, cytotoxic effects and druglikeness properties are also discussed.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Bioorganic chemistry
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