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Lung cancer is an important public health issue, particularly among American Indians (AIs). The reported decline in tobacco use for most racial/ethnic groups is not observed among AIs. This project was designed to address the research question, "Why don't more Northern Plains American Indians alter tobacco use behaviors known to increase the risk of cancer?"
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Contemporary clinical trials
There is evidence that yoga may be helpful as an aid for smoking cessation. Yoga has been shown to reduce stress and negative mood and may aid weight control, all of which have proven to be barriers t...
HIV prevalence has increased among South African women who use alcohol and other drugs (AOD). However, HIV prevention and treatment efforts have not focused on this population. This study presents the...
Tobacco smoking is the primary cause of preventable premature disease and death worldwide. Evidence of the efficacy of text messaging interventions to reduce smoking behavior is well established, but ...
Clinical stroke is prevalent in American Indians, but the risk factors for cerebrovascular pathology have not been well-studied in this population. The purpose of this study was to correlate abnormali...
Several large studies have shown that the risk of cardiovascular, respiratory, and wound-healing complications (including death) within 30 days of surgery is greater for smokers than for nonsmokers. H...
The purpose of this demonstration is to evaluate the effectiveness of using community outreach workers (navigators) to help American Indians living in rural areas overcome barriers to appr...
Type 2 diabetes is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality among American Indians in the United States. Although healthy diet is a key component of diabetes management programs, many Am...
Asthma is a chronic lung disease with serious morbidity and potential mortality. Multiple physiologic, environmental and social conditions impact the prevalence and severity of asthma. Eve...
The purpose of the current study is to evaluate the preliminary efficacy of the Therapeutic Education System-Native Version (TES-NAV) (an efficacious web-delivered psychosocial interventio...
American Indians and Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) have the highest smoking rates of the major racial/ethnic groups in the United States, approaching 40% to 50%.1-3 In addition, this underserved...
Individual members of South American ethnic groups with historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Individual members of Central American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia. Mexican Indians are not included.
Work consisting of a clinical trial that involves at least one test treatment and one control treatment, concurrent enrollment and follow-up of the test- and control-treated groups, and in which the treatments to be administered are selected by a random process, such as the use of a random-numbers table.
Individual members of North American ethnic groups with ancient historic ancestral origins in Asia.
Work consisting of a clinical trial involving one or more test treatments, at least one control treatment, specified outcome measures for evaluating the studied intervention, and a bias-free method for assigning patients to the test treatment. The treatment may be drugs, devices, or procedures studied for diagnostic, therapeutic, or prophylactic effectiveness. Control measures include placebos, active medicine, no-treatment, dosage forms and regimens, historical comparisons, etc. When randomization using mathematical techniques, such as the use of a random numbers table, is employed to assign patients to test or control treatments, the trial is characterized as a RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL.
Lung cancer is the uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the lung. Originating in the lungs, this growth may invade adjacent tissues and infiltrate beyond the lungs. Lung cancer, the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, is respons...
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Bladder Cancer Brain Cancer Breast Cancer Cancer Cervical Cancer Colorectal Head & Neck Cancers Hodgkin Lymphoma Leukemia Lung Cancer Melanoma Myeloma Ovarian Cancer Pancreatic Cancer ...